Covenant of Mayors: Local Energy Generation, Methodology, Policies and Good Practice Examples

Download
2019-03-01
Kona, Albana
Bertoldi, Paolo
Kılkış, Şiir
Local authorities and cities are at the forefront of driving the energy transition, which plays a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climate change. The greenhouse gas emissions in cities, due to energy consumption, are placed into two categories: direct emissions generated from the combustion of fossil fuels mainly in buildings and transport sectors, and indirect emissions from grid-supplied energy, such as electricity and district heating and/or cooling. While there is extensive literature focused on direct greenhouse gas emissions accounting in cities' inventories, research has focused to a lesser extent on allocation methods of indirect emissions from grid-supplied energy. The present paper provides an updated definition for the concept of local energy generation within the Covenant of Mayors initiative and proposes a new methodology for indirect emission accounting in cities' greenhouse gas emission inventories. In addition, a broader policy framework in which local action is taken is discussed based on the European Union energy and climate policies, and over 80 exemplary Covenant of Mayors good practices are identified across the technology areas of local energy generation and four modes of urban climate governance. The contributions of the paper demonstrate that local authorities have the capacity to support and mobilize action for local energy generation investments through the multiple modes of urban climate governance to update and strengthen climate action
ENERGIES

Suggestions

Investment needs for climate change adaptation measures of electricity power plants in the EU
Lise, Wietze; van der Laan, Jeroen (2015-10-01)
Climate change is expected to have impacts on the power sector, leading to, among others, a need for adaptation measures in the sector in the near future. This paper analyses the need to adapt to climate change impacts for power generation technologies in Europe until 2100. Europe is broadly divided into four geographic climate zones, for which regional climate change impacts are quantified with the help of the ENSEMBLES RT2b data. The European future technology mix is based on two Eurelectric energy scenar...
Educational building retrofit under climate change and urban heat island effect
Akkose, Gizem; Akgül, Çağla; Gürsel Dino, İpek (2021-08-01)
Climate change (CC) and urban heat island (UHI) are important environmental forces that have serious consequences for the existing buildings, such as increased resource consumption and environmental footprint, adverse human health effects and reduced occupant comfort. In this context, educational buildings represent a critical category amongst other building typologies, due to their high energy use, high occupant density, atypical daily/annual occupancy patterns, and their occupants’ high vulnerability to h...
Greenhouse gas emissions from global cities under SSP/RCP scenarios, 1990 to 2100
Gurney, Kevin R.; Kılkış, Şiir; Seto, Karen C.; Lwasa, Shuaib; Moran, Daniel; Riahi, Keywan; Keller, Meredith; Rayner, Peter; Luqman, Muhammed (2022-03-01)
Projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are critical to enable a better understanding and anticipation of future climate change under different socio-economic conditions and mitigation strategies. The climate projections and scenarios assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, following the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP)-Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) framework, have provided a rich understanding of the constraints and opportunities for policy action. However, the curre...
Comparison of BEST and LEED green building rating systems through cost based optimization
Uğurlu, Bengisu; Aksoy, Ayşegül; Department of Environmental Engineering (2020-1-25)
Buildings have significant effects on climate change due to vast resource consumption and pollution generation. Improving the effective use of limited resources and constructing environmentally friendly buildings are important in the realm of mitigations for climate change. Several countries have their green building rating systems tailored towards their regulations, distinctive climatic conditions, unique cultures and traditions, diverse building types and ages, or wide-ranging environmental, economic, and...
Impact Assessment of Urban Regeneration Practices on Microclimate in The Context of Climate Change
Akköse, Gizem; Balaban, Osman; Department of Earth System Science (2022-2-10)
The annual ever-increase in population, urbanization, industrialization, and CO2 or greenhouse gas emissions brings with it important environmental crises. Climate change and urban heat islands (UHI) are crucial environmental crises that have serious consequences on the performance of the built environment and the comfort and health of users. Moreover, mass migrations from the urban areas and unhabitable cities are envisaged as a result of climate change. To minimize the impacts of climate change and ensure...
Citation Formats
A. Kona, P. Bertoldi, and Ş. Kılkış, “Covenant of Mayors: Local Energy Generation, Methodology, Policies and Good Practice Examples,” ENERGIES, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 0–0, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/94924.