Plant-wide modeling of a metropolitan wastewater treatment plant to reduce energy consumption and carbon footprint

A real metropolitan wastewater treatment plant (RWWTP) serving a population equivalent of 1.55 million was modeled to reduce energy consumption and carbon footprint (CFP). An approach was proposed to handle the dilution factor and partial aeration due to discontinuous air diffuser locations in the Bardenpho-5 configuration. Various operational, structural, and configurational modifications were evaluated. Results indicated that management scenarios might provide conflicting outcomes for different targets. Reduced energy consumption may not result in lower CFP at the same time. Moreover, operational changes that would impact total nitrogen (TN) concentrations and N2O release may significantly impact CFP. A policy of using a modified Bardenpho-5 process with reduced internal recycle (IR) ratio, waste activated sludge (WAS), and return activated sludge (RAS) flow rates provided the lowest CPF. Modified Bardenpho-5 process and replacing belt thickeners with gravity thickeners supplied the highest savings in energy consumption. Overall, up to 14% and 20% reductions were possible in the energy consumption and CFP of the plant, respectively. The RWWTP may save up to 10% in energy expenses annually by operational modifications.


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Citation Formats
B. Okan, T. H. Bayramoğlu, and A. Aksoy, “Plant-wide modeling of a metropolitan wastewater treatment plant to reduce energy consumption and carbon footprint,” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: