Tracing the Jamesian influence on selected novels of manners by John Galsworthy, Natsume Soseki, and F. Scott Fitzgerald
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This dissertation attempts to trace the Jamesian influence on selected novels of manners by John Galsworthy, Natsume Soseki, and F. Scott Fitzgerald, who are three leading early-twentieth-century novelists of manners from England, Japan, and America respectively. In view of the recent inclination to accentuate the coexistence of social and psychological dimensions in the novel of manners, this study maintains that the influential version of this form implemented by Henry James in the literary scene anticipates the later-published individuation theory of Carl Gustav Jung who is known to have been influenced by Henry’s equally eminent psychologist and philosopher brother, William James. By analysing the selected novels with regard to both the Jamesian novel of manners and Jungian individuation, this dissertation aims to lay bare Henry James’s extensive and transformative influence within the novel of manners tradition not only in terms of foregrounding the psychological dimension already inherent in this form, but also with respect to turning its interest towards the unconscious. Within this framework, Henry James’s The American, John Galsworthy’s Jocelyn, Natsume Soseki’s Kokoro, and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Tender is the Night are examined.