International energy negotiations: production sharing contract process and cross border pipeline bargaining
Elmacı, Ramazan Kutay
MetadataShow full item record
This study analyzes the impacts of process, culture and biases over the international energy negotiations. Analysis involves two different categories which negotiations involving producing state vs. IOC and producing state vs. IOC and states. Kazakhstan’s Kashagan oil field development is chosen as contractual process example, whereas Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline project analyzed as a pipeline bargaining situation. Contrary to the scholars who argue that geopoltical factors are very decisive in international energy negotiations, this thesis argues that geopolitical factors are influential only in those international negotiations which involve politically motivated state actors and in other energy negotiations technical, financial, ecological and cultural factors are more decisive due to the lack of intense state involvement. In fact, along with the cultural and biases influences, the technical characteristics of project and type of actors involved have impact over the process of international energy negotiations.