Show/Hide Menu
Hide/Show Apps
anonymousUser
Logout
Türkçe
Türkçe
Search
Search
Login
Login
OpenMETU
OpenMETU
About
About
Open Science Policy
Open Science Policy
Communities & Collections
Communities & Collections
Help
Help
Frequently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions
Guides
Guides
Thesis submission
Thesis submission
Publication submission with DOI
Publication submission with DOI
Publication submission
Publication submission
Supporting Information
Supporting Information
General Information
General Information
Copyright, Embargo and License
Copyright, Embargo and License
Contact us
Contact us
A Survey on known algorithms in solving generalization birthday problem (K-List)
Download
index.pdf
Date
2013
Author
Namaziesfanjani, Mina
Metadata
Show full item record
Item Usage Stats
11
views
14
downloads
Cite This
A well known birthday paradox is one the most important problems in cryptographic applications. Incremental hash functions or digital signatures in public key cryptography and low-weight parity check equations of LFSRs in stream ciphers are examples of such applications which bene t from birthday problem theories to run their attacks. Wagner introduced and formulated the k-dimensional birthday problem and proposed an algorithm to solve the problem in O(k.m^ 1/log k ). The generalized birthday solutions used in some applications to break Knapsack based systems or collision nding in hash functions. The optimized birthday algorithms can solve Knapsack problems of dimension n which is believed to be NP-hard. Its equivalent problem is Subset Sum Problem nds the solution over Z/mZ. The main property for the classi cation of the problem is density. When density is small enough the problem reduces to shortest lattice vector problem and has a solution in polynomial time. Assigning a variable to each element of the lists, decoding them into a matrix and considering each row of the matrix as an equation lead us to have a multivariate polynomial system of equations and all solution of this type can be a solution for the k- list problem such as F4, F5, another strategy called eXtended Linearization (XL) and sl. We discuss the new approaches and methods proposed to reduce the complexity of the algorithms. For particular cases in over-determined systems, more equations than variables, regarding to have a single solutions Wolf and Thomea work to make a gradual decrease in the complexity of F5. Moreover, his group try to solve the problem by monomials of special degrees and linear equations for small lists. We observe and compare all suggested methods in this
Subject Keywords
Algorithms.
,
Cryptography.
,
Polynomials.
URI
http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12615627/index.pdf
https://hdl.handle.net/11511/22537
Collections
Graduate School of Applied Mathematics, Thesis
Citation Formats
IEEE
ACM
APA
CHICAGO
MLA
BibTeX
M. Namaziesfanjani, “A Survey on known algorithms in solving generalization birthday problem (K-List),” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.