Optical Counterparts of ULXs and Their Host Environments in NGC 4490/4485

Avdan, Senay
Vinokurov, Alexander
Avdan, Hasan
Fabrika, Sergei
Valeev, Azamat
Balman, Şölen
We report the identification of the possible optical counterparts of five out of seven ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in the galaxy pair NGC 4490/4485. Using archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging data, we identified a single optical candidate for two ULXs (X-4 and X-7) and multiple optical candidates for the other three (X-2, X-3, and X-6) within similar to 0.'' 2 error radius at the 90% confidence level. Of the two remaining ULXs, X-1 has no HST imaging data, and photometry could not be performed due to the position of X-5 in NGC 4490. Absolute magnitudes (M-V) of the optical candidates lie between -5.7 and -3.8. Color-magnitude diagrams have been used to investigate the properties of the counterparts and their environments. The locations of the counterparts of X-2, X-4, and X-6 suggest possible association with a nearby group of stars, while the others have no association with a star cluster or group of stars. For comparison purposes, we analyzed three previously unused archival XMM-Newton observations. The long-term X-ray light curves of the sources (except transient X-7) show variability by a factor of three on a timescale of more than a decade. The use of a disk blackbody model for the mass of the compact objects indicates that these objects most likely have masses in the range 10-15 M-circle dot.


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Optical CCD imaging with H alpha and [SII] filters and spectroscopic observations of the galactic supernova remnant G85.9-0.6 have been performed for the first time. The CCD image data are taken with the 1.5 m Russian-Turkish Telescope (RTT150) at TBA degrees TAK National Observatory (TUG) and spectral data are taken with the Bok 2.3 m telescope on Kitt Peak, AZ.
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The optical properties of TlGaSeS layered single crystals have been investigated by measuring the transmissions and the reflections in the wavelength region between 400 and 1100 nm. The optical indirect transitions with a band gap energy of 2.27 eV and direct transitions with a band gap energy of 2.58 eV were found by means of the analysis of the absorption data at the room temperature. The rate of change of the indirect band gap with temperature, that is, gamma = -3.2 x 10(-4) eV/K, was determined from the...
Frequency-resolved spectroscopy of XB1323-619 using XMM-Newton data: detection of a reflection region in the disc
Balman, Şölen (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2010-09-21)
We present the frequency-resolved energy spectra (FRS) of the low-mass X-ray binary dipper XB1323-619 during persistent emission in four different frequency bands using an archival XMM-Newton observation. FRS method helps to probe the inner zones of an accretion disc. XB1323-619 is an Atoll source and a type-I burster. We find that the FRS is well described by a single blackbody component with kT in a range 1.0-1.4 keV responsible for the source variability in the frequency ranges of 0.002-0.04 and 0.07-0.3...
Citation Formats
S. Avdan et al., “Optical Counterparts of ULXs and Their Host Environments in NGC 4490/4485,” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, pp. 0–0, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/57144.