First homology group of mapping class groups of nonorientable surfaces

1998-05-01
Recall that the first homology group H1(G) of a group G is the derived quotient G/[G, G]. The first homology groups of the mapping class groups of closed orientable surfaces are well known. Let F be a closed orientable surface of genus g. Recall that the extended mapping class group [Mscr ]*F of the surface F is the group of the isotopy classes of self-homeomorphisms of F. The mapping class group [Mscr ]F of F is the subgroup of [Mscr ]*F consisting of the isotopy classes of orientation-preserving self-homeomorphisms of F. It is well known that [Mscr ]F is trivial if F is a sphere. Hence the first homology group of the mapping class group of a sphere is trivial. If the genus of F is at least three, then H1([Mscr ]F) is again trivial. This result is due to Powell [P]. The group H1([Mscr ]F) is Z10 if the genus of F is two, proved by Mumford [Mu], and Z12 if F is a torus. When a problem about orientable surfaces is solved, it is natural to ask the corresponding problem for nonorientable surfaces. This is our motivation for the present paper.
Citation Formats
M. Korkmaz, “First homology group of mapping class groups of nonorientable surfaces,” pp. 487–499, 1998, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/88720.