Transformation tools enabling the implementation of nature-based solutions for creating a resourceful circular city

Katsou, Evina
Nika, Chrysanthi-Elisabeth
Buehler, Devi
Marić, Bruno
Megyesi, Boldizsár
Mino, Eric
Almenar, Javier Babí
Bas, Bilge
Bećírović, Dženan
Bokal, Sabina
Ðolic, Maja
Elginöz, Nilay
Kalnis, Gregoris
Mateo, Mari-Carmen Garcia
Milousi, Maria
Mousavi, Alireza
Rinčic, Iva
Rizzo, Agatino
Rodriguez-Roda, Ignasi
Rugani, Benedetto
Šalaševičiene, Alvija
Sarı, Ramazan
Stanchev, Peyo
Topuz, Emel
Atanasova, Natasa
The linear pattern of production-consumption-disposal of cities around the world will continue to increase the emission of pollutants and stocks of waste, as well as to impact on the irreversible deterioration of non-renewable stocks of raw materials. A transition towards a circular pattern proposed by the concept of ‘Circular Cities’ is gaining momentum. As part of this urban transition, the emergent use of Nature-based Solutions (NBS) intends to shift public opinion and utilize technology to mitigate the urban environmental impact. In this paper, an analysis of the current research and practical investments for implementing NBS under the umbrella of Circular Cities is conducted. A combined appraisal of the latest literature and a survey of ongoing and completed National-European research and development projects provides an overview of the current enabling tools, methodologies, and initiatives for public engagement. It also identifies and describes the links between facilitators and barriers with respect to existing policies and regulations, public awareness and engagement, and scientific and technological instruments. The paper concludes introducing the most promising methods, physical and digital technologies that may lead the way to Sustainable Circular Cities. The results of this research provide useful insight for citizens, scientists, practitioners, investors, policy makers, and strategists to channel efforts on switching from a linear to a circular thinking for the future of cities.
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Citation Formats
E. Katsou et al., “Transformation tools enabling the implementation of nature-based solutions for creating a resourceful circular city,” Blue-Green Systems, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 188–213, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: