Stiffening of I-section MRF beams against degradation due to local buckling

Karagümüş, Anıl
Topkaya, Cem
Moment resisting frame (MRF) beams under cyclic loading are vulnerable to local flange and web buckling. The Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings (AISC341) prescribe width-to-thickness ratio limits, which are contingent on target rotations during predefined cyclic loadings. Some rolled I-sections available in the market cannot be employed in special MRFs since they fall short of satisfying the AISC341 flange slenderness limit. Moreover, local buckling leads to a decrease in both strength and stiffness in cyclically loaded MRF beams, ultimately increasing the risk of frame side-sway collapse. This paper introduces a stiffening method aimed at improving the behavior of I-section MRF beams. The proposed method involves placing a pair of stiffeners at the plastic hinge regions. A two-phase numerical study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of this approach. In the first phase, nine unstiffened beam cross-sections with varying flange and web slenderness were considered. The slenderness limits specified by AISC341 were evaluated based on cyclic analyses of these beams. In the second phase, a parametric study was conducted on the same cross-sections, with the flange width and the placement of the pair of stiffeners considered as variables. The results revealed a substantial improvement in behavior with the addition of a pair of stiffeners. Cross-sections that failed to meet the flange slenderness limit could be used in MRFs when stiffened. The optimal location for the stiffeners was found to be significantly influenced by the flange width. Design recommendations for the ideal stiffener placement are presented in this paper.
Journal of Constructional Steel Research
Citation Formats
A. Karagümüş and C. Topkaya, “Stiffening of I-section MRF beams against degradation due to local buckling,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 213, pp. 0–0, 2024, Accessed: 00, 2024. [Online]. Available: