Measurement of Human Rights: The Case of Fundamental Rights Sector in Türkiye

Azak, Umut
Türkiyes accession process to the EU is the longest compared to other candidate countries and one of the leading factors resulting in this uniqueness is the perception on state of human rights in Türkiye. Considering that protection of human rights is a prerequisite for the membership, it is imperative for Türkiye to improve its track record of human rights while the state of human rights in under constant monitoring of the EU. The main instrument for monitoring of the state of human rights in Türkiye is the annual Country Reports and recent reports highlight a serious backslide in human rights situation. On the contrary, the monitoring conducted under Instrument for Pre-Accession for the projects funded in Fundamental Rights Sector, based on indicators defined in the strategic documents indicates a slight progress. This contradiction reveals once again that the measurement of human rights is an elusive task. There are numerous challenges related to measurement of human rights. These challenges stems from information effects, which involve issues related to collecting and quantifying data, and changing standards, which arise from the broadening of human rights standards. The quantification of human rights data poses additional implications that hinder the effectiveness of measurement, leading to doubts about validity, reliability and transparency of human rights indicators. The indicators in the fundamental rights sector fail to meet these three standards and fail to measure actual enjoyment of the rights by the citizens of Türkiye.
Citation Formats
U. Azak, “Measurement of Human Rights: The Case of Fundamental Rights Sector in Türkiye,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2024.