Change and continuity in the foreign policy of South Africa in the post-apartheid period

Şahin, Hasan Anka
It cannot be disputed that South Africa's transition from white minority rule to multiracial democracy is one of the great turning points in recent history. With the first all-races elections of 1994 and the negotiation process that led up to it, the people of South Africa demonstrated to the international community the possibility of bringing about a win-win situation for a conflict which had until then seemed impossible to resolve by peaceful means. At the end of this experience, South Africa emerged as a model democracy both for Africa and for the world at large. This thesis is a study of South Africa's foreign policy in the post-apartheid era. It argues that any study of South Africa's foreign policy is incomplete if the continuities from the apartheid regime to the existing democratic system are not located and analyzed. This is especially true for the five foreign policy areas that the thesis identifies to discuss in detail, namely, South Africa's place in the international political economy, arms manufacturing and sales, South Africa's mperception of and relations with the West, migration and South Africa's regional hegemony. Through its study of change and continuity, the thesis establishes the new patterns to South Africa's foreign policy and concludes that certain similarities are visible when it comes to why certain aspects of South Africa's foreign policy have or have not undergone significant change. The thesis argues that both the changes and the continuities have been caused mainly by practical and economic concerns.


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Light, Margot (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2000-12-2)
Nationalism is useful in consolidating state identity and bolstering state-building, but in the form of ethnic nationalism, it can undermine the integrity of the state. This paper examines the effect of non-Russian and Russian nationalism in the former Soviet Union. It finds that although Russian nationalism evokes more fear outside Russia than non-Russian nationalism, the violent conflicts in the former Soviet Union have been caused by the latter rather than the former. Non-Russian nationalism also threate...
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The European Union is a multilayered, multicultural democracy based on mutual respect for its diverse peoples and cultures, introducing goals that value diversity and inclusion while counteracting hierarchies, inequalities and exclusion. At the level of its Member States, uneven struggles often diverge from this and tend to exclude and polarize, whether the focus is on race, ethnicity, religion or sexuality. Gender issues are constitutive of current European polarizations in terms of ethnicity, sexuality...
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Federal arrangements have been considered by some thinkers as a panacea for containing ethnic nationalism in the ethnically defined regions. This article challenges this view by arguing that federal institutions may enable ethnic nationalists in the ethnically defined regions to consolidate their power through the guarantees that they receive from the federal centre. Although the post-Soviet Russian leadership under Boris Yeltsin sought to use federalism as a tool for containing ethnic nationalism, Russia's...
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A new political development that emerged after the disintegration of the Soviet Union was the adoption of ‘homeland stances’ by the newly independent states. Through the construction of the homeland image, the states of the region claimed responsibility not only for their own citizens, but also for a diaspora community of co-ethnics. Kazakhstan became one of these states and its leadership portrayed Kazakhstan as the homeland of the Kazakh diaspora. Furthermore, Kazakhstan's leadership developed far more ac...
Democratization and Civil Society in the Post-Soviet South Caucasus
Ergun Özbolat, Ayça (2009-10-24)
The post-Soviet period in the South Caucasus is shaped by the processes of nation and state-building and attempts to democratization as elsewhere in the former Soviet Union. The aim of this article is to highlight the peculiarities of the post-Soviet transition in the region while focusing on the nature of political transformation, democratization and civil society development. The analysis of the post-independence politics in the South Caucasus shows that the entire process of transition is dominated by th...
Citation Formats
H. A. Şahin, “Change and continuity in the foreign policy of South Africa in the post-apartheid period,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2002.