The Catholic church and nationalism in Spain and in Catalonia during Francoist era

Doygun, Pelin
This thesis is an attempt to understand the role of the Catholic Church in Spain and in Catalonia, and their respective attitudes towards the Franco regime. While the Catholic Church in Spain almost unequivocally identified with the regime, the Catalan Catholic Church developed an oppositional stance. This thesis argues that what explains the difference in the policies of the respective Catholic Churches is the differences in the construction of nationalism in each case, both in terms of motivations and of actors involved. Accordingly, it claims that while the Spanish Catholic Church adopted statecentered policies from the beginning, the Catalan Catholic Church was characterized by a society-centered approach. The Spanish and the Catalan Church‟s different perceptions of threat, respectively from state and society is held as the core of different policies. It is only towards the end of the Franco regime, and again, only gradually that the Spanish Catholic Church abandoned its traditional state-centered attitude. Thus, this thesis attempts to contribute to the studies on the relationship between nationalism and religion, by first problematizing assumptions of either a mutually exclusive relationship between the two or, the opposite, an automatic or almost symbiotic relationship; and secondly, by demonstrating a dynamic relationship, one open to change and transformation, between these two phenomena.


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Citation Formats
P. Doygun, “The Catholic church and nationalism in Spain and in Catalonia during Francoist era,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.