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Low strength wastewater treatment with combined granular anaerobic and suspended aerobic cultures in upflow sludge blanket reactors

Bayramoğlu, Tuba Hande
Combined cultures were developed from anaerobic granular and suspended aerobic cultures in three upflow sludge blanket reactors aerated at 10 mL air/min 4 h/day R2, every other day R3, and 24 h/day R4. The use of combined cultures was found to be advantageous compared to the anaerobic granules for the treatment of low-strength wastewaters. During municipal wastewater treatment at influent 5-day biochemical oxygen demand BOD5 concentration of 53– 118 mg/L hydraulic retention time: 0.75 day, combined cultures in R2, R3, and R4 exhibited average BOD5 removal efficiencies of 52, 75, and 76%, respectively. The use of these cultures might be proposed as an alternative for municipal wastewater treatment due to their advantages such as achievement of required discharge standards, prevention of biomass loss/settleability problems unlike activated sludge systems and possible methanogenic activity, as well as high settling characteristics comparable to those of anaerobic granules.