Effects of spacing of item repetitions in continuous recognition memory: does item retrieval difficulty promote item retention in older adults?

Background/Study Context: Older adults exhibit an age-related deficit in item memory as a function of the length of the retention interval, but older adults and young adults usually show roughly equivalent benefits due to the spacing of item repetitions in continuous memory tasks. The current experiment investigates the seemingly paradoxical effects of retention interval and spacing in young and older adults using a continuous recognition memory procedure. Methods: Fifty young adults and 52 older adults gave memory confidence ratings to words that were presented once (P1), twice (P2), or three times (P3), and the effects of the lag length and retention interval were assessed at P2 and at P3, respectively. Results: Response times at P2 were disproportionately longer for older adults than for younger adults as a function of the number of items occurring between P1 and P2, suggestive of age-related loss in item memory. Ratings of confidence in memory responses revealed that older adults remembered fewer items at P2 with a high degree of certainty. Confidence ratings given at P3 suggested that young and older adults derived equivalent benefits from the spacing between P1 and P2. Conclusion: Findings of this study support theoretical accounts that suggest that recursive reminding and/or item retrieval difficulty promote item retention in older adults.
Experimental aging research


The effects of golf expertise and presentation modality on memory for golf and everyday items
Dijkstra, Katinka; MacMahon, Clare; Mısırlısoy, Mine (Elsevier BV, 2008-06-01)
The present study assessed whether golf expertise, presentation modality, and domain relevance affected memory for golf-related and everyday items. Forty-eight experienced golfers and 48 non-golfers were compared in their memory for golf-related ("putt to the hole") and everyday ("turn on the lamp") items. To-be-remembered items were presented verbally, visually, or were enacted. Enacted information was recalled best, followed by visually presented information. Combined effects of modality and golf expertis...
Aktaş Dinçer, Hayriye; Gökçay, Didem (The Turkish Journal of Geriatrics, 2019-01-01)
Introduction: Interval timing requires cognitive resources such as attention, longterm memory, and working memory. Unfortunately, these functions deteriorate with aging. Changes in time perception are reported in healthy aging, in addition to several different neuropsychiatric disorders. Although age-related changes in time perception have been amply described in the literature, the actual underlying mechanisms remain controversial. Materials and Method: This study included a total of 33 young (mean age = 2...
Effects of accenting and regularity on the detection of temporal deviations: Does regularity facilitate performance?
Tekman, HG (Informa UK Limited; 2003-07-01)
In an experiment on the effect of intensity accents on the perception of time intervals between tones, H. G. Tekman (2001) found that the regular placement of deviant time intervals in short sequences of tones reduced detection, especially if intensity accents marked the deviant time intervals. That was the opposite of what one would have expected on the basis of the dynamic attending theory of M. R. Jones (1976). The effect might have occurred because temporally deviant tones create cumulative onset shifts...
Effects of parenting on adult development and generativity
Karacan, Eda; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2007)
This study examined Erikson’s proposition that “generativity” plays an important role in adult lives and caring for one's children is the ultimate expression of this particular developmental task. Thus, the general goal of the current study is to explore the connection between parental experiences and individual development especially generativity development in mid-adulthood within both qualitative and quantitative studies. Qualitative examination attempted to record the midlife parent experiences in order...
Aging Slows Access to Temporal Information From Working Memory
Kılıç Özhan, Aslı; Oztekin, Ilke (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017-11-01)
To evaluate the impact of aging on controlled memory search operations, we investigated the retrieval of temporal order information from working memory (WM).
Citation Formats
A. Kılıç Özhan and M. Howard, “Effects of spacing of item repetitions in continuous recognition memory: does item retrieval difficulty promote item retention in older adults?,” Experimental aging research, pp. 322–41, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/37801.