Geopolitical significance of Suakin on Anglo-Turkish rivalry during the 19th century

Haşıl, Hamza
This thesis argues that the geopolitical significance of Suakin in the Red Sea in the 19th century can be explained through the Anglo-Turkish rivalry. The fact that Suakin is being considered as a strategic region stems from its location as an economic, administrative and a military center. Suakin, which needs to be retained to have control of the Red Sea surroundings, witnessed the Ottoman-Portuguese struggle, which ended in favor of the Ottomans. In the 19th century, the fact that Britain pursued an expansionist policy toward Africa caused it to clash against the Ottoman Empire. Britain, which intended to capture the maritime line that is between India and the Mediterranean, along with Egypt and Sudan, wanted to include Suakin in its colonies. The Ottoman Empire, in turn, struggled for the controlling of Suakin both for the maintenance of its presence in the region and the defense of the Hejaz. The fact that Suakin was the focal point of not only the two great powers but also the local powers intending to have an influence in the region throughout the 19th century demonstrates its geopolitical significance.
Citation Formats
H. Haşıl, “Geopolitical significance of Suakin on Anglo-Turkish rivalry during the 19th century,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Middle East Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2019.