The Control Of Shape: Origins Of Parametric Design In Architecture In Xenakis, Gehry And Grimshaw

Garcia Alvarado, Rodrigo
Jofre Muñoz, Jaime
Several contemporary architectural works are arguing use of parametric design technologies, without clearly identifying their essential conditions. This article reviews meanings of this term and its first literary uses in referring to architectural design, as well as initial works applying these techniques, with the purpose of clarifying its original sense and applications, to support a consistent development. The word has different meanings ranging from social to mathematical connotations, mostly related to a measurable variation. Meanwhile, the documents about architectural works consider the concept of parametric design from the stand point of management of building information to specific geometric operations. The works reviewed as early examples of parametric procedures in building design are the Philips Pavilion by Le Corbusier and Xenakis, the Barcelona Fish by Frank Gehry and the Extension of Waterloo Station by Nicholas Grimshaw. It comments on their general process of production, functional and construction issues involved in the design of these three cases. Geometrical and computer procedures are described in relation to shape definition, structural solution and design expression of each building. Based on the texts and cases reviewed, the article suggests a strict conception of parametric design in architecture, linked to variable curves, as well as a constructive and cultural sense.


The dialogue of type and model in architecture
Tunçbaş, Adil; Cengizkan, Ali; Department of Architecture (2006)
The idea of type has always been a crucial factor in the field of architecture. Not only it works as a dominator in the design process of architecture but also it supplies the certain ways through which architecture communicates with the observer. In order to understand the interaction between architecture and the observer the idea of type appears as a critical point. This study will be an attempt to understand the dialogue of type and model in architecture. Throughout the research Anthony Vidler’s article ...
Understanding façade between design and manufacturing : a case study on high-rise office buildings in İstanbul
Şener, Duygu; Güzer, Celal Abdi; Department of Architecture (2006)
The thesis aims to examine how the formation of façades, that is, the interface with a dual response both to interior functioning and exterior urban fabric, is separated from the totality of architectural design by new technological developments and design intentions. This aim is accomplished in three sections, respectively: “analysis of the façade, the properties and formation process in time”; “examining the façade formation of the high-rise office buildings in Levent-Maslak area in respect to the analysi...
A study on tall buildings and aerodynamic modifications against wind excitation
Ilgın, H. Emre; Günel, Mehmet Halis; Department of Architecture (2006)
The purpose of this thesis is to create basic design guidance for tall buildings and their aerodynamic modifications as a resource for architects, engineers, developers, and students. It aims to make a contribution to and strengthen particularly the architect̕s understanding of tall building design, that requires a high level of interdisciplinary approach, by providing a broad overview of the أtall buildingؤ with its general concepts; to demonstrate the importance of human element as a critical component in...
A new approach for defining the conservation status of early Republican architecture, case study : primary school buildings in İzmir
Kul, Fatma Nurşen; Madran, Emre; Department of Architecture (2010)
International discussions on the conservation of the twentieth-century architectural heritage emphasize the diversity of the whole of the built environment of the entire century, rather than limiting consideration to canonic examples of the architectural historiography during the identification and assessment of the properties to be conserved. In contrast to this international holistic and inclusive approach, the approach to the identification and assessment of the properties in Turkey has in general been s...
Understanding the concept of locality in architecture in the 21st century: mapping contemporary architecture in Turkey
Polat, Hüseyin; Güzer, Celal Abdi; Department of Architecture (2021-9)
The relationship between architectural production and its contextual references has always been a significant ground of research and discussion in architectural criticism. The concept of locality represents the contextual aspect of architectural design and significance of place in architectural production. Consideration of contextual determinants and understanding the concept of locality may show significant differences within temporal and spatial changes. In the 21st century, the significance and impact of...
Citation Formats
R. Garcia Alvarado and J. Jofre Muñoz, “The Control Of Shape: Origins Of Parametric Design In Architecture In Xenakis, Gehry And Grimshaw,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 107–118, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: