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ATTRIBUTIONAL FOCUS AND INFORMATION SELECTION IN RELATION TO CHRONOLOGICAL AGE

1987-02-01
HORTACSU, N
We tested the hypothesis that, when trying to decide whether the person, stimulus, or circumstance is the cause of an event, individuals increasingly select schema-consistent information with increasing age. Schema-consistent information selections include distinctiveness for person, consensus for stimulus, and consistency for circumstance. 9-, 12-, 15-, and 17-year-old subjects took part in the study. The results showed that age differences in schema-consistent information selections parallel the development of person, stimulus, and circumstance schemata reported elsewhere. The Rholes and Walters explanation of the role of consensus information in the late development of the stimulus schema appears to be justified.