Biology of stem cells in human umbilical cord stroma: In situ and in vitro surveys

Karahuseyinoglu, Sercin
Cinar, Ozgur
Kilic, Emine
Kara, Fadil
Akay, Guvem Gumus
Demiralp, Duygu Ozel
Tukun, Ajlan
Uckan, Duygu
Can, Alp
Cells in the umbilical cord stroma have gained attention in recent years; however, differentiation to certain lineages in humans has been demonstrated in few studies. Unlike bone marrow MSCs, human umbilical cord stroma cells (HUC-SCs) are far from being well characterized. This study attempts to describe proliferation, structural, and differentiation properties of these cells to account for their exceptional nature in many aspects. Cellular dynamics, cellular structure, and the degree of transformations during expansion and differentiation into mesenchymal and neuronal lineages were examined in vitro over a 10-month period. Comparisons with human bone marrow MSCs regarding differentiation were performed. HUCSCs in culture revealed two distinct cell populations, type 1 and type 2 cells, that possessed differential vimentin and cytokeratin filaments. Corresponding cells were encountered in cord sections displaying region-specific localization. alpha-Smooth muscle actin and desmin filaments, which were evident in cord sections, diminished through passages. No difference was noted regarding type 1 and type 2 cells in differentiation to chondrogenic, adipogenic, and osteogenic lineages, whereas a preferential differentiation was noted in neuronal lineage. Relative success was achieved by production of chondrocytic spheres and osteogenic monolayers, whereas adipocytes were immature compared with bone marrow MSCs. The presence of neuronal markers suggests that they transform into a certain state of maturity under neurogenic induction. Conclusively, HUCSCs retain their original phenotype in culture without spontaneous differentiation, have a limited lifespan, and bear multipotent stem cell characteristics. Given these characteristics, they may be generally considered progenitor cells if manipulated under appropriate conditions and deserve further study to be potentially used in cell-based therapies.


Neurosecretory cells in the molluses Helix have perikarya that show clear signs of adaptation for both the synthesis and the discharge of secretory material. They are characterized morphologically by juxtaposition with the neural lamella. Passage of hormone into the haemocoel is apparently facilitated in many cases by the extreme attenuation of areas of the lamella and perineurium adjacent to the perikarya and by other forms of histological differentiation. Presumptive sites of release are characterized by ...
Epigenetic Mechanisms Underlying the Dynamic Expression of Cancer-Testis Genes, PAGE2, -2B and SPANX-B, during Mesenchymal-to-Epithelial Transition
Yilmaz-Ozcan, Sinem; Sade, Asli; Kucukkaraduman, Baris; Kaygusuz, Yasemin; Senses, Kerem Mert; Banerjee, Sreeparna; GÜRE, ALİ OSMAY (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-09-17)
Cancer-testis (CT) genes are expressed in various cancers but not in normal tissues other than in cells of the germline. Although DNA demethylation of promoter-proximal CpGs of CT genes is linked to their expression in cancer, the mechanisms leading to demethylation are unknown. To elucidate such mechanisms we chose to study the Caco-2 colorectal cancer cell line during the course of its spontaneous differentiation in vitro, as we found CT genes, in particular PAGE2, -2B and SPANX-B, to be up-regulated duri...
BASAGA, HS (Canadian Science Publishing, 1990-07-01)
Toxic free radicals can be produced by many reactions required for the maintenance of normal metabolism and the production of energy in the cell. The reactivity of both primary and secondary radicals with biomolecules and in whole tissue systems is of interest, not only because of their importance in radiobiology but also because of the role these species play in toxicity and various disorders. Oxidant stress is known to increase the production of free radicals. In the presence of metals, especially iron, t...
Inositol phospholipids activate plasma membrane ATPase in plants
Memon, Abdul Razaque; Chen, Qiuyun; Boss, Wendy F. (Elsevier BV, 1989-8)
Phosphatidylinositol-4-monophosphate and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate increased the activity of the vanadate-sensitive ATPase associated with plasma membranes isolated from both sunflower hypocotyls and carrot suspension culture cells. The response was not due to the metabolism of the polyphosphoinositides since diacylglycerol, inositol-1,4-bisphosphate, inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate, glycerophosphoinositol monophosphate and glycerophosphoinositol bisphosphate had no effect. These data suggest that ...
Chromosome segregation in Escherichia coli division: A free energy-driven string model
Fan, J.; Tuncay, Kağan; Ortoleva, P. J. (Elsevier BV, 2007-08-01)
Although the mechanisms of eukaryotic chromosome segregation and cell division have been elucidated to a certain extent, those for bacteria remain largely unknown. Here we present a computational string model for simulating the dynamics of Escherichia coli chromosome segregation. A novel thermal-average force field accounting for stretching, bending, volume exclusion, friction and random fluctuation is introduced. A Langevin equation is used to simulate the chromosome structural changes. The mechanism of ch...
Citation Formats
S. Karahuseyinoglu et al., “Biology of stem cells in human umbilical cord stroma: In situ and in vitro surveys,” STEM CELLS, pp. 319–331, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: