Group cohesion in exercise classes An examination of gender and type of exercise class differences

Akpınar, Selçuk
Kirazcı, Sadettin
Aşçı, Fevziye Hülya
Group cohesion has been attributed to the higher levels of attendance and performance and lower levels of drop-outs in exercise classes. Cohesion can be affected by different type of exercise classes and gender. Therefore, the main purpose of the study was to compare the group cohesion levels of martial arts participants (aikido, taekwondo, karate, and kendo) with aerobic-like participants (aerobics, aero-steps, phys-gym, and high-low aerobics). This causal comparative study also aimed at examining gender differences in group cohesion in exercise classes. There were 140 participants (Mage=28.1 SD= 8.01 and female= 138 male= 2) in aerobic-like classes and 137 participants (Mage= 22.2 SD= 3.8 and female= 48 male= 89) in martial arts classes. Results revealed no gender differences between the groups on the perceptions of cohesion. On the other hand, except for individual attractions to the group-task dimension, participants of martial art classes had higher levels of group cohesion than the participants of aerobic-like classes. Consequently, it was concluded that different types of exercise classes may have different levels of cohesion and those differences were discussed within the context of exercise classes.


Influential factors on faculty performance in distance education
Kara, Mehmet; Yıldırım, Zahide; Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (2018)
This study aimed to identify the performance deficiencies of the faculty in distance education and to design interventions for performance improvement with a systemic perspective. Based on this aim, the study was conducted within the framework of Externality-Tangibility model for performance improvement and Transactional Distance theory. Concurrent embedded mixed methods research design, in which both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from distance education administrators, faculty, students,...
Evaluation of a tangible mobile application for students with specific learning disabilities
Polat, Elif; Çağıltay, Kürşat; AYKUT, ÇIĞIL; KARASU, NECDET (Informa UK Limited, 2019-01-02)
Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) typically do not perform at the expected levels of academic achievement. Tangible mobile applications are learning devices that allow for physical engagement and multisensory interaction. They present as promising tools to facilitate learning for students with SLD. This study explored the use of a tangible mobile application for assisting three seventh-grade Turkish students with SLD to learn scientific principles regarding cell concepts. A multiple-probede...
Different facets of new middle classness: a case study in the city of Ankara
Karademir, Irmak; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2009)
The aim of this study is to understand the class character of the new middle class,that is defined as white-collar workers through the bulk of the class literature. To achieve this aim, two sets of research questions, operating both on the objective and subjective levels, have been developed. The first set of questions are; “What are the objective conditions (such as economic capital, cultural capital,gender/age composition and class background) of the people who belong to the new middle class defined as wh...
Team shared mental model as a contributing factor to team performance and students' course satisfaction in blended courses
Johnson, Tristan E.; TOP, ERCAN; YÜKSELTÜRK, ERMAN (Elsevier BV, 2011-11-01)
The purpose of the study was to examine how team shared mental model (SMM), team performance, and students' course satisfaction change over time and how Team-SMM affects team performance and students' course satisfaction. Forty-eight preservice teachers from two undergraduate blended courses participated in this study. The data were obtained via two online questionnaires (shared mental model instrument and Course Satisfaction Scale) administered throughout Spring 2010. Data analysis was conducted using repe...
Bi modal no more shifting the curve in material and energy balances courses
Ayrancı Tansık, İnci (2011-06-26)
Bi-modal No More Shifting the Curve in Material and Energy Balances Courses Common wisdom states that a bi-modal distribution in process analysis is “normal”, with asignificant number of students needing to take the course twice before they “get” the material. Asclass sizes in second year chemical engineering at the University of Alberta have grown to over100 students, we took a hard look at the root causes of this distribution. The goal was toconsciously uncover and remove barriers to student learning whic...
Citation Formats
S. Akpınar, S. Kirazcı, and F. H. Aşçı, “Group cohesion in exercise classes An examination of gender and type of exercise class differences,” JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES, pp. 845–862, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: