Solubility Enhancement of Fe in ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Co-Precipitation Method

Musharaf, Muhammad
Karamat, Shumaila
Hassan, Muhammad Umair
Khalique, Uzma
Oral, Ahmet
Behjat, Arash Badami
Akram, Rizwan
Almohaimeed, Ziyad
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.Crystalline ZnO offers an excellent host matrix to create a dilute magnetic semiconductor (DMS) owing to its facile Zn-atom substitution with the transition metal dopant atom. The exchange interactions between the spin of the dopant atoms and the carriers in the ZnO matrix results in the room-temperature ferromagnetic order in the entire lattice. In this work, we report on the enhanced solubility (doping) of Fe atoms in ZnO matrix. Zn1-x FexO DMS nanoparticles were synthesized with different doping concentrations (x = 0.01, 0.05, 0.20, 0.22, and 0.25) via a modified version of co-precipitation method, in which the precursors’ solution was heated at 60 ℃ during the stirring process. Only the wurtzite phase was obtained for all Zn1-x FexO samples in X-ray diffraction, and no secondary phase was observed, which supports the idea of an enhanced solubility limit of Fe doping up to 25%. A systematic broadening of the Raman characteristic peak at 525 cm−1 associated with Fe substitution across the entire range of doping accompanied with the suppression of ZnO peak at 371cm−1 and 435 cm−1, supporting the enhanced doping effect further. The bandgap exhibited a systematic trend — it first increased from 3.13 eV for undoped to 3.23 for x = 0.1 and dropped to the value of 2.94 for the highest concentration (x = 0.25) with few in band transitions for high doping. VSM results showed magnetic behavior for all the doped samples at room temperature.
Citation Formats
M. Musharaf et al., “Solubility Enhancement of Fe in ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Co-Precipitation Method,” pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: