Psychometric Properties of the Self Compassion Scale-Short Form among Turkish Young Adults

Recent past has witnessed the merging of Buddhist philosophy with psychology many times. Notions from Eastern spiritual practices are used in Western psychology to create new pathways to wellbeing; and the concept of self- compassion is one of them (Neff, 2003a). As the name implies, self-compassion can be described as the compassion one has towards himself. It involves being open and non-judgmental toward one’s own suffering, and being kind to own imperfections, accepting all as a part of human experience (Neff, 2003a). Studies on self-compassion are increasing day by day (e.g. Chio, 2021), and they show that self-compassion leads to well-being in different ways. People with high self-compassion are more resilient and better at reacting positively in the face of a negative life event, and more ready to accept their faults instead of ruminating on the subject (Leary et al., 2007). Self-compassion is found to be related with better psychological functioning (Neely et al., 2009), healthier romantic relationship behaviors (Neff & Beretvas, 2013) and more effective emotion regulation strategies in eating disorders and body image concerns (Turk & Waller, 2020). Predominantly, self compassion is measured with the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) (Neff, 2003b) until the short form with 12 items is developed by Raes, Pommier, Neff and Van Gucht (2011) with university students to increase practicality in studies. Also recently, the Self Compassion Scale for Youth was developed by Neff and colleagues (2021) which is intended to be implemented on early adolescents. In Turkey, the long form is adapted into Turkish by Akın, Akın and Abacı (2007), and also by Deniz, Kesici and Sümer (2008). The short form of Self-Compassion is adapted into Turkish by Yıldırım and Sarı (2018) using a sample of adolescents from middle school and high school. They provided evidence that Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS- SF) is reliable and valid for Turkish adolescent sample; however, SCS-SF’s psychometric properties have never been checked for young adults, as originally intended. Therefore, the aim of this study is to adapt SCS-SF into Turkish and test its psychometric properties using a sample of young adults -university students- to increase the practicality of research studies in Turkey. Three hundred and fifty university students from a large state university located in Ankara will be selected as the sample of the study by using a convenient sampling method. The current study, which took the necessary ethical permissions, includes two phases. In the first phase (Study 1), the aims are to translate the scale into Turkish, to check internal consistency coefficient and test-retest reliability and to check item loading and factor structure through exploratory factor analysis. To reach these aims, firstly, permissions were taken from the authors of the scales. Secondly, items of the scale were translated into Turkish. Thirdly, the link of the SCS-SF will be sent twice to the same 150 university students via e-mail within a three-week time interval. In the second phase (Study 2), the aims are to check reliability coefficient, construct validity and concurrent validity. To collect data, an online survey including SCS-SF, Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS; Brown & Ryan, 2003) and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS; Watson et al. 1988) will be sent to 200 university students. The correlation coefficient between SCS-SF, MAAS, and PANAS will be checked for concurrent validity. Moreover, to check construct validity, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) will be run. Regarding the Study 1 results, it is expected to calculate high test-retest reliability and internal consistency coefficient. In addition, it is expected that exploratory factor analysis will yield similar factor structure with the original one. Regarding the Study 2 results, for proving concurrent validity, a significant positive correlation between SCS-SF and MAAS is expected. Also, a significant positive correlation between SCS-SF and Positive Affect dimension of PANAS is expected. On the contrary, a significant negative correlation is expected between SCS-SF and the Negative Affect dimension of PANAS. Moreover, the results of the confirmatory factor analysis are expected to yield good fit indexes to confirm construct validity. To conclude, it is predicted that SCS-SF will have acceptable psychometric properties in measuring the self compassion level of the young adults in Turkey.
VIIIth International Eurasian Educational Research Congress


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Citation Formats
K. F. Barutçu Yıldırım and N. Taşkesen, “Psychometric Properties of the Self Compassion Scale-Short Form among Turkish Young Adults,” presented at the VIIIth International Eurasian Educational Research Congress, Aksaray, Türkiye, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: