Plant protein-based nanocomposite films: A review on the used nanomaterials, characteristics, and food packaging applications

Jafarzadeh, Shima
Amjadi, Sajed
Javan Kouzegaran, Vahid
Almasi, Hadi
Garavand, Farhad
Zargar, Masoumeh
Consumer demands to utilize environmentally friendly packaging have led researchers to develop packaging materials from naturally derived resources. In recent years, plant protein-based films as a replacement for synthetic plastics have attracted the attention of the global food packaging industry due to their biodegradability and unique properties. Biopolymer-based films need a filler to show improved packaging properties. One of the latest strategies introduced to food packaging technology is the production of nanocomposite films which are multiphase materials containing a filler with at least one dimension less than 100 nm. This review provides the recent findings on plant-based protein films as biodegradable materials that can be combined with nanoparticles that are applicable to food packaging. Moreover, it investigates the characterization of nanocomposite plant-based protein films/edible coatings. It also briefly describes the application of plant-based protein nanocomposite films/coating on fruits/vegetables, meat and seafood products, and some other foods. The results indicate that the functional performance, barrier, mechanical, optical, thermal and antimicrobial properties of plant protein-based materials can be extended by incorporating nanomaterials. Recent reports provide a better understanding of how incorporating nanomaterials into plant protein-based biopolymers leads to an increase in the shelf life of food products during storage time.
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition


Plant protein-based food packaging films; recent advances in fabrication, characterization, and applications
Hadidi, Milad; Jafarzadeh, Shima; FOROUGH, MEHRDAD; Garavand, Farhad; Alizadeh, Saeid; Salehabadi, Ali; Khaneghah, Amin Mousavi; Jafari, Seid Mahdi (2022-02-01)
Background: Plant-based proteins as an alternative to synthetic polymers have attracted the interest of the global packaging industry in the last decade due to their biodegradability, sustainability, environmental, and beneficial health claims. Scope and approach: This review covers the recent developments in biodegradable packaging such as edible films/coatings and innovative packaging materials based on plant protein sources. The importance, sources, and techno-functional properties of plant-derived prote...
Environmental transformation and nano-toxicity of engineered nano-particles (ENPs) in aquatic and terrestrial organisms
Abbas, Qumber; Yousaf, Balal; Ullah, Habib; Ali, Muhammad Ubaid; Ok, Yong Sik; Rinklebe, Joerg (2020-12-01)
The rapid development in nanotechnology and incorporation of engineered nano-particles (ENPs) in a wide range of consumer products releasing the massive quantities of ENPs in different environmental compartments. The released ENPs from nano-enabled products during their life cycle raising environmental health and safety issues. This review addresses the recent state of knowledge regarding the ENPs ecotoxicity to various organisms lying at different trophic levels. Studies show that reactive oxygen species (...
Preparation of antimicrobial films from agricultural biomass
Seber, Ayşe Gizem; Bakır, Ufuk; Department of Biotechnology (2010)
Mainly used food packaging materials are petro-chemical based polymers which present environmental problems since they are not biodegradable and ecologically sustainable. In this study, biodegradable biofilms are produced from xylan, extracted from cotton stalk which is an agricultural biowaste without nutritional value. Antimicrobial property was given to the biofilms with either titanium dioxide sol-gel coatings or titanium dioxide powder addition into the biofilm forming solutions. The antimicrobial acti...
Production of valuable chemicals from plastic wastes containing polyethylene and polypropylene
Habib, Abdul Rehman Rajabali; Sezgi, Naime Aslı; Department of Chemical Engineering (2019)
Global plastic consumption has significantly increased recently creating a serious environmental threat due to the non-biodegradability of plastics. Disposal methods like landfilling and incineration result in soil pollution and emission of toxic gases, respectively. Thus the catalytic thermal degradation of plastic offers a safer and economical alternative. In this study, aluminium and/or tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) loaded silica aerogel was used in the pyrolysis of polyethylene and polypropylene. The sil...
Cinnamon oil Nanoemulsions Microemulsions Formulation Characterization and Antibacterial Activity
Yildirim, Simge Tutku; Soyer, Yeşim; Öztop, Halil Mecit (null; 2015-08-10)
Health and environmental concerns due to usage of synthetic active materials in foods and packaging technologies have increased the demands of using natural additives and the researchers conducted in this area. The purpose of this study is to obtain stable nanoemulsions (NEs)/micro emulsions (MEs) which are formed by using cinnamon oil that has high antimicrobial activity for enhancing the quality, safety and shelf life of foods. In the literature, it was found that cinnamon oil had high antimicrobial effec...
Citation Formats
S. Jafarzadeh et al., “Plant protein-based nanocomposite films: A review on the used nanomaterials, characteristics, and food packaging applications,” Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: