Conservation of complex cultural landscapes of extraction as heritage places: The case of Kandilli/Armutçuk coal mining region in Zonguldak

Aydemir, Çağıl Ezgi
Industrial heritage places are important symbols of their times as representatives of a new industry, a new industrial community, and a new industrial site. However, these once important areas have lost their functions and become abandoned due to various reasons. Later, some approaches have emerged to revitalize these disused areas. As cultural landscapes of extraction constitute an important part of the industrial heritage concept, they go through similar processes. Although these areas are parts of industrial heritage sites, they are more complex areas with other dimensions such as having a unique industry that is related to the production of extracted resources like coal, having a unique community that reflects mining culture, tradition, and social and daily life with memories and experiences of inhabitants, and having a unique extraction site which consists of the specific natural environment, extracted environment, open areas, transportation network, and built-up areas. However, these places are the most affected areas by the developments because of the decrease in extraction. Therefore, the conservation of cultural landscapes of extraction has started to be discussed throughout the world. Zonguldak- Ereğli Coalfield is one of the most important mining sites where these kinds of conservation problems can be seen in Turkey. Kandilli/Armutçuk Coal Mining Region is one of the significant parts of the mining network in this coalfield by representing the integrity of tangible and intangible aspects of production, site, and community. Despite its significance, this area is under the threat of destruction due to development pressure, changing needs and technologies, natural factors that cause physical damage to the structures, and neglect. Therefore, the integrity of the area starts to deteriorate over time. Thus, this thesis aims to understand the Kandilli/ Armutçuk Coal Mining Region as a whole, identify its values and problems and develop conservation strategies to prevent the risk of its disappearance by considering all the components of the region at different scales concerning historical developments.


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Citation Formats
Ç. E. Aydemir, “Conservation of complex cultural landscapes of extraction as heritage places: The case of Kandilli/Armutçuk coal mining region in Zonguldak,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.