THE IMPACT OF REFUGEE STATUS ON LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

2022-7-29
Yeter, Özlem
To this day, there is no detailed information on how experiences related to forced displacement affect cognitive and linguistic development of the Syrian refugee children. To address this gap in the literature, 25 low-SES Syrian refugee children (9-year-old) were tested for their working memory (WM), inhibitory control (IC), shifting, fluid intelligence abilities as well as vocabulary abilities. Their scores were compared with two low-SES non-refugee same-age control groups: Turkish monolinguals (N = 20) and Arabic-Turkish bilingual minorities (N = 20). Syrian children lagged behind both non-refugee groups in the fluid intelligence task. They also obtained poorer WM scores than their bilingual controls. Adverse experiences and poor pre-school education had negative effects on Syrian children’s cognitive development. However, no further cognitive difference between this warn-torn group and the non-refugee children was observed. On language tests, Syrian children had a smaller Turkish vocabulary size than both non-refugee controls, but they outperformed their bilingual controls in Arabic. Although Syrian children draw a more balanced bilingual profile, their L1 (Arabic) skills were poorer than the control groups’ Turkish skills. Overall results suggest that although Syrian children’s WM, fluid intelligence abilities and L1 development were negatively affected by the forced displacement, they were able to develop Turkish vocabulary skills and match with Turkish monolinguals on all assessed EF measures. This is the first evidence suggesting that holding bilingual status may actually have created a cognitively protective shield for disadvantaged Syrian children. This study also highlights the significance of early childhood education for cognitive development.

Suggestions

The impact of a third language on executive control processes
Cedden, Gülay; Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem (2014-12-01)
This study aims to investigate whether the representation of a third language in the mind provides an advantage in executive control processes compared to bilinguals. To this end 10 high proficient bilingual Turkish-English and 10 high proficient trilingual Turkish-English-German speakers were given a language control demanding task and participants' response times (RTs) and the accuracy of their responses were analyzed. The results showed that the bilingual group responded to their L2 (English) statistical...
The Limits of an International Burdensharing Approach: Syrian Refugee Protection Crisis and its Consequences
Kale Lack, Başak (2018-09-01)
This article analyses the consequences of the Syrian refugee protection crisis on the development of an effective international burden-sharing approach. It argues that despite the proven necessity of developing effective burden-sharing mechanisms at the EU and international levels, the Syrian refugee protection crisis has shown that limited progress has been achieved both at the international and the regional levels. This article brings these discussions under a systematic framework to show how the Syrian r...
THE DISCOURSES OF POLITICAL LEADERS TOWARDS SYRIAN REFUGEES IN LEBANON AND IMPLICATIONS FOR DOMESTIC POLITICS
Dal, Derya; Benli Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Middle East Studies (2022-2-10)
A tragic result of the prolonged conflict in Syria has been the refugee crisis that affected the international community in general, and the countries sharing borders with Syria in particular. Lebanon, a neighboring state to Syria, with a small territory and complex political system, has hosted the highest number of Syrian refugees per capita. Maintaining a fragile economic, social and political structure, Lebanon is greatly impacted by the arrival of a substantial number of refugees. Consequently, the refu...
The effects of social change on relationships between older mothers and daughters in Turkey: a qualitative study
Mottram, SA; Hortacsu, N (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2005-09-01)
This paper discusses several changes in mother-daughter relationships in Turkey and their association with changing social conditions. It is based on in-depth interviews with 30 older mothers and their adult daughters. As a country experiencing rapid urbanisation, westernisation, military coups and economic crises, Turkey provides an increasingly changing setting for the investigation of inter-cohort changes in inter-generational relationships. Most of the mothers in the study were born during the 1930s, so...
ROLE OF EXERCISE STAGES IN SELF-REPORTED HEALTH-PROMOTING BEHAVIORS OF A GROUP OF TURKISH ADOLESCENTS AT TRANSITION TO UNIVERSITY
İnce, Mustafa Levent (SAGE Publications, 2009-04-01)
The purpose of this Study was to examine the self-perceived health-promoting behaviors with respect to exercise stages of Turkish adolescents at transition from high school to university. Participant, were 358 adolescents (192 boys, 166 girls) who were accepted to a research university for undergraduate education. The Adolescent Health Promotion Scale was used to examine Nutrition, Health Responsibility, Life Appreciation, Social Support, Exercise and Stress Management behaviors. Physical Activity Stages of...
Citation Formats
Ö. Yeter, “THE IMPACT OF REFUGEE STATUS ON LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: A COMPARATIVE STUDY,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.