METU-DBL: a cost effective proton irradiation facility

Uzun Duran, S.
Kılıç, U.
Hashmani, R.
Demirköz, Melahat Bilge
Efthymiopoulos, I.
Can, Ali
Çakmakoğlu, S.
Muçogllava, B.
Kayaalp, A.
Zorlu, C.
Abstract The Middle East Technical University Defocusing Beamline (METU-DBL) is designed to deliver protons with selectable kinetic energies between 15-30 MeV, and proton flux between 106-1010 protons/cm2/s, on a maximum 21.55 to 15.40 cm target region with a beam uniformity within ±6%, in accordance with the ESA ESCC No. 25100 specification for single event effects (SEEs) tests in the low energy range. The achieved high proton fluences, allow users to test space-grade materials; electronic circuits, ASICs, FPGAs, optical lenses, structural elements, and coating layers for LEO, GEO, and interplanetary missions. The total received dose on the Device-Under-Test (DUT) from secondary particles created during proton-material interactions at the first beam collimator and the beam dump never exceed 0.1% of the dose from primary protons. The METU-DBL is equiped with several measurement stations and services to the user teams. A secondary measurement station in a rotating drum that can hold multiple samples has been constructed next to the first collimator which provides neutrons for transmission experiments. At the target region, a robotic table is located, which provides mechanical and electrical mounting points to the samples and allows multiple samples to be tested in a row. A modular vacuum box can also be attached on the robotic table for any test that may require a vacuum environment. Power rails on the robotic table provide various outputs for the DUT. For the data acquisition, high-speed networking and a modular industrial PC are available at the target station. The design of the METU-DBL control software enables test users to integrate and optimize the data acquisition and controlling of the DUT. The beam properties at the target region are measured with the diamond, Timepix3, and fiber scintillator detectors mounted on the robotic table. With diamond and Timepix3 detectors, measurements are taken from the five different points (center and the four corners) of the test area to measure the proton flux and ensure that it is uniform across the full test area. Fiber scintillators on both axes (X and Y) scan the target area to cross-check the beam profile's uniformity. Secondary doses during the irradiation are measured by a Geiger-Müller tube sensitive to electrons and gammas above 0.1 MeV and by a neutron detector located at the entrance of the R&D room. The room cools down relatively fast after any irradiation (<1 hour). Accurate linear energy deposition rates and absorbed doses on the samples are calculated using MCNP6, FLUKA and Geant4 Monte Carlo simulations. Alanine dosimetry measurements that are calibrated against these simulations are also used to estimate the absorbed dose on the sample.
Journal of Instrumentation
Citation Formats
E. KARADÖLLER et al., “METU-DBL: a cost effective proton irradiation facility,” Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 0–0, 2023, Accessed: 00, 2023. [Online]. Available: