The use of chitosan aerogels as an adsorbent for the regeneration of frying oil

Delice, Feyza Nur
Namlı, Serap
Uzun, Merve Akpınar
Öztop, Halil Mecit
One of the most commonly used food preparation methods is deep-fat frying. The improvement of the quality of used frying oil (UFO) is important because the reuse of frying oil could provide significant savings to the food industry. This study aimed to enhance the quality of used sunflower oil by using chitosan aerogels (CA), which can be considered as novel adsorbents with an increased surface area compared to chitosan powder. Aerogels are novel nanostructured materials with high porosity and large surface area. In this study, CA were produced by drying the 2% (w/v) chitosan gels using supercritical drying. In the study, 32 consecutive deep-fat frying were performed using potato slices in sunflower oil at 180 ± 5 °C. The effect of the adsorbent concentration (0.5, 1, and 2% (w/w)) and different adsorption temperatures (90, 135, and 180 °C) were studied by examining the UFO before and after the adsorption treatments. The physicochemical properties of the oil were analyzed by determining free fatty acid (FFA) content, total polar compounds (TPC), smoke point, p-anisidine value (p-AnV), and color (CIE L*, a*, b*). Moreover, the structural changes of aerogels after the adsorption process were investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). CA could reduce the % FFA values from 0.44% to 0.18% due to the ionic interaction between CA and FFA. In addition, TPC value and the smoke point increased after the treatments. The p-AnV was compensated with CA, indicating that secondary oxidation products were adsorbed. Moreover, CA caused a darker color after the adsorption treatments. Additionally, compared with magnesium silicate, the same concentrations of CA were found more effective in improving all the quality parameters of oil except for the L* values.
Journal of Food Engineering
Citation Formats
F. N. Delice, S. Namlı, M. A. Uzun, Ö. GÜVEN, A. TEKİN, and H. M. Öztop, “The use of chitosan aerogels as an adsorbent for the regeneration of frying oil,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 380, pp. 0–0, 2024, Accessed: 00, 2024. [Online]. Available: