Formation and transformation of urban fabric in the 19th century Bursa

Türkoğlu, Sinem
This thesis examines the 19th century urban transformation of Bursa within the scope of the Tanzimat reforms. The main concern of this study is to see how and in which scale the western-based urban institutions, regulations, planning principles and the changing social, cultural and economic demands of this reform period altered the traditional urban fabric of Bursa. Bursa, as the first capital of the Ottoman State continued to keep the Ottoman imperial glory for centuries not only as a religious, but also as a cultural and commercial center, became the focus of the Tanzimat' s modernization reforms, after 1840's. The earliest impacts of these reforms on Bursa appeared as industrial changes leading to new factory districts around the city. The destruction of Bursa by an earthquake in 1855, and the need for a large-scale reconstruction and restoration coincided with Tanzimat' s urban and architectural implementations; the opening of new avenues, the formation of iiinew residential quarters and the emergence of new building types altered the traditional urban fabric of Bursa in the second half of the 1901 century. Ahmet Vefik Paşa, the governor of Bursa, was the most prominent personality of this reform period. Although its 19th century urban fabric has been greatly changed within the last century, the existing structure of Bursa has still retained the traces of its significant heritage, which should be conserved as parts of the cultural continuity.


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Citation Formats
S. Türkoğlu, “Formation and transformation of urban fabric in the 19th century Bursa,” Middle East Technical University, 2002.