Principal component and time series analysis of air-sea interactions in the "seas of the old world"

Gündüz, Murat
Climate data on surface atmospheric variables, sea surface temperature and computed air-sea fluxes are analysed to describe comparative surface climatolo gies of the 'Seas of the Old World' (Black, Caspian and Mediterranean Seas) and to investigate their interannual and interdecadal variability. Based on these analyses, differences and similarities between climates of these basins and their relationships to other global systems are identified. Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) Analysis is used to study spatial and temporal variability of surface climate data and air-sea flux components in the region of interest. The modes which account for the dominant parts of the vari ance are identified and the temporal and spatial features of these modes are examined. Correlations with climate indices characterizing neighboring or re mote climates such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Monsoon regimes are investigated to determine linkages with other regional climates. The result of EOF analysis shows the relative influence of investigated climate patterns over the study region. NAO is the dominant pattern for the three seas, mthe influence of ENSO and Monsoon regimes were seen on the other modes. These results are significant as they confirm the linkage between the Euro- Asian- Mediterranean region and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), also showing far-field influence of ENSO and the tropical dynamics on the study region.


Seasonal Changes in the Composition and Abundance ofZooplankton in the Seas of the Mediterranean Basin
Kovalev, Av; Mazzocchı, Mg; Toklu Alıçlı, Benin; Skryabın, Va; Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan (2003-01-01)
Seasonal changes in the composition, abundance and biomass of zooplankton in the seas of the Mediterranean basin (the Mediterranean, Black and Azov seas) have been reviewed using our own data and data from the literature. In the deep-water central regions of the seas, the seasonal cycle of zooplankton abundance is characterised by one maximum occurring in spring or summer. In the coastal regions, two to three peaks (spring, summer and autumn) exist for the zooplankton abundance. The amplitude of seasonal fl...
Modeling the influence of hydrodynamic processes on anchovy distribution and connectivity in the black sea Karadeniz'deki hamsi dağılımı ve bölgeler arası bağlantısı üzerine hidrodinamik proseslerin etkisinin modellenmesi
Fach Salihoğlu, Bettina Andrea (2014-01-01)
Dispersal mechanisms of Black Sea anchovy larvae (Engraulis encrasicolus ponticus) across the Black Sea were studied with an individual based anchovy larvae model embedded in a Lagrangian model using surface currents calculated from daily dynamic height topography maps of altimeter data during a period of three years (2001-2003). Particles representing anchovy eggs were released at different sites during June to August and their movement was tracked over time. Drifters were advected for 36 days, representin...
Investigation of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomalies over Cyprus Area
Georgiou, Andreas; Akcit, Nuhcan (2016-04-08)
The temperature of the sea surface has been identified as an important parameter of the natural environment, governing processes that occur in the upper ocean. This paper focuses on the analysis of the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies at the greater area of Cyprus. For that, SST data derived from MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on board both Aqua and Terra sun synchronous satellites were used. A four year period was chosen as a first approach to address and describe t...
Vertical distribution of marine cyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. in the Black, Marmara, Aegean, and eastern Mediterranean seas
Uysal, Zahit (2006-01-01)
The vertical distributions of the unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus were studied in several highly contrasting seas: the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea, and Mediterranean Sea. Cell abundances varied significantly on both vertical and horizontal scales in all physically and spatially discrete water masses. Epifluorescence microscope cell counts from all seas clearly showed that majority of the population remains suspended in the surface-mixed layer and decreases gradually towards the base of the...
Zooplankton of the Black Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean Similarities and dissimilarities
Kovalev, Av; Mazzocchı, Mg; Sıokoufrangou, I.; Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan (2001-01-01)
A synthesis of data on abundance and biomass of zooplankton in the Eastern Mediterranean (EMED) and the Black Sea shows major differences in the composition and structure of pelagic communities in the two basins. Few Mediterranean planktonic animals have invaded in the Black Sea. The great bulk of Black Sea species is represented by coastal inhabitants that spread throughout the whole basin. This process has been called “neritization” of the Black Sea fauna. Peculiarities in zooplankton assemblages of the B...
Citation Formats
M. Gündüz, “Principal component and time series analysis of air-sea interactions in the “seas of the old world”,” Middle East Technical University, 2002.