Tracing the evolution of UN peacekeeping : peacebuilding, internal conflicts and liberal restructuring

Download
2006
Kartal, Kazım
Peacekeeping, which was born as an innovation of the United Nations system in an ad hoc way, has transformed in the post-Cold War. In the post-Cold War era, the number of peacekeeping operations increased, new tasks were introduced and the end goal of the operations has changed. Besides, the prevailing understanding of UN peacekeeping has transformed thereby leading us to use the terms peacebuilding and peace operations rather than mere peacekeeping. While during the Cold War era, peacekeeping meant to supervise the ceasefire after interstate conflicts, in the post-Cold War era, peace operations have been mostly utilised in internal conflicts with a view to bring sustainable peace in the lands of internal conflicts. Furthermore, while during the Cold War era, peacekeeping mainly concerned peace/security and sovereignty upon the conflicts; human security and socio-economic development have been embedded into the agenda of peace operations in the post-Cold War era. This thesis offers two dynamics based on a normative change as the underlying cause behind this transformation. In the post-Cold War era, international norms have changed and brought a new parameter: internal conflicts are to be responded. Based on this normative change, the first dynamic is related with the challenge, which internal conflicts pose for peace operations, and the second dynamic is the rise of liberal internationalism, which tends to organise domestic realms of the states.

Suggestions

Developing south-south cooperation between China and Africa: a case study on South Africa
Erşan, Yağmur; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of International Relations (2017)
Since World War II, the development of Southern countries has become one of the most important issues in the world agenda. As the Global South has developed, it has started to challenge the existing international system. Although the Southern countries face some challenging domestic problems, they have significant potential in the 21st century. China is the largest developing country, and it is willing to lead these Southern countries to change the existing global system to serve the interests of developing...
The role of the international community in the democratisation process in bosnia-herzegovina
Rüma, Şadan İnan; Tayfur, Faruk; Department of International Relations (2008)
This thesis analyses the role of the International Community in the democratisation in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). The main theoretical approach adopted is the Critical Theory as represented mainly by Robert Cox. Cox argued that there was an interaction between the organisation of production, the forms of state, and the world orders. The form of state that the International Community aimed at establishing in BiH following the Dayton Agreement is analysed in relation to the transnationalisation of the world or...
The role and impact of the United Nations in confronting international terrorism in the aftermath of September 11: prospects and challenges in the fight against global Jihadism
Kayalar, Derin; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (2009)
The thesis reviews and assesses the role and impact of the United Nations (UN) in the fight against the recent wave of international terrorism, understood as global jihadism, with a view to developing an understanding and awareness of the Organization's relevance and distinct position in the global counter-terrorism campaign, while at the same time, providing insight as to how to best combat the phenomenon, through an analysis of the threat posed by al-Qaida and weighing the threat against the real and pote...
Revolution underway: power practices of mst and ezln
Taka, Serhat; Bedirhanoğlu Toker, Pınar; Department of International Relations (2008)
This thesis aims to show that MST and EZLN are non-hierarchical, participatory and democratic movements which aim to transform society and national systems without taking power. Their understanding of power is searched in their educational practises. These two movements try to create new alternatives that based on local issues and powers with also awareness of international and global factors. The clues of their understanding of power searched in their history and different resistances struggles.
The Impact of American exceptionalism on U.S. foreign policy
Ereli, Gökhan; Bahçecik, Şerif Onur; Department of International Relations (2018)
This thesis seeks to explain the impact of American exceptionalism on U.S. foreign policy. American exceptionalism reflects the belief in superiority, chosenness, mission of the United States. Since ideational variables are not considered as having an explanatory power in their analyses, neorealism and neoliberalism have fallen short of explaining American exceptionalism. This thesis, then, emphasizes that along with the power relations and the national interest, the ways in which U.S. foreign policy is con...
Citation Formats
K. Kartal, “Tracing the evolution of UN peacekeeping : peacebuilding, internal conflicts and liberal restructuring,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.