Finite element modeling of electromagnetic radiation

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2007
Yılmaz, Asım Egemen
In this thesis, quadratic hexahedral edge elements have been applied to the three dimensional for open region electromagnetic scattering problems. For this purpose, a semi-automatic all-hexahedral mesh generation algorithm is developed and implemented. Material properties inside the elements and along the edges are also determined and prescribed during the mesh generation phase in order to be used in the solution phase. Based on the condition number quality metric, the generated mesh is optimized by means of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique. A framework implementing hierarchical hexahedral edge elements is implemented to investigate the performance of linear and quadratic hexahedral edge elements. Perfectly Matched Layers (PMLs), which are implemented by using a complex coordinate transformation, have been used for mesh truncation in the software. Sparse storage and relevant efficient matrix ordering are used for the representation of the system of equations. Both direct and indirect sparse matrix solution methods are implemented and used. Performance of quadratic hexahedral edge elements is deeply investigated over the radar cross-sections of several curved or flat objects with or without patches. Instead of the de-facto standard of 0.1 wavelength linear element size, 0.3-0.4 wavelength quadratic element size was observed to be a new potential criterion for electromagnetic scattering and radiation problems.

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Citation Formats
A. E. Yılmaz, “Finite element modeling of electromagnetic radiation,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.