A constructivist analysis of Turkey-EU relations within the context of five phase spiral model: “human rights dimension”

Tezer, Özgür
The 1990's witnessed the emergence of Constructivist approach in the International Relations theory. Constructivism rejecting the rationalist precepts of Neo-Realism and Neo-Liberalism brought a sociological point of view to the world politics mentioned the role of ideational factors in the constitution process of interests and identities. Constructivism assumes that there is a mutual constitution process between states and normative structures in which states internalized existing international societal norms with efforts of international non-state actors seen as active teachers guiding states to initiate policies that are congruent with international civilized norms of behaviour. Today human rights are defined as civilized normative patterns. At this point five phase spiral model reveals itself and introduces explanations for how states understand, interpret and internalize international human rights norms. The model assumes that target state's identity, interest and behaviors are influenced by international human rights norms as it progresses through the model's five phased spiral process. The model in this process emphasizes roles and efforts of international organizations. v This work assesses the usefulness of the five phase spiral model and Constructivism as an explanation of the changes in the Turkish government’s human rights practices. As case study effect of the European Union over normative transformation in the field of human rights in Turkey will be given. The thesis bringing criticisms to the model’s assumptions in Turkey case will assert that Turkey, from the 1980 Military intervention to the end of 2007 has made progressive steps in line with the phases mentioned in the spiral model.


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Citation Formats
Ö. Tezer, “A constructivist analysis of Turkey-EU relations within the context of five phase spiral model: “human rights dimension”,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.