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Color and shape based traffic sign detection

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2008
Ulay, Emre
In this thesis, detection of traffic signs is studied. Since, both color and shape properties of traffic signs are distinctive; these two properties have been employed for detection. Detection using color properties is studied in two different color domains in order to examine and compare the advantages and the disadvantages of these domains for detection purposes. In addition to their color information, shape information is also employed for detection purpose. Edge information (obtained by using the Sobel Operator) of the images/frames is considered as search domain to find triangular, rectangular, octagonal and circular traffic signs. In order to improve the performance of detection process a joint implementation of shape and color based algorithms is utilized. Two different methods have been used v in order to combine these two features. Both of the algorithms help reducing the number of pixels to check whether they belong to a sign or not. This, of course, reduces the processing time of detection process. Each utilized algorithm is tested and compared with the others by using both static images from different sources and video streams. Images having adverse properties are used in order to state algorithms response for some specific conditions such as bad illumination and shadow. After implementation, results show that joint implementation of the color and shape based detection algorithms produces more accurate results. Moreover, joint implementation reduces the processing time of the detection process when compared to application of algorithms individually since it diminishes the search domain.