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Parameter extraction and image enhancement for catadioptric omnidirectional cameras

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2005
Baştanlar, Yalın
In this thesis, catadioptric omnidirectional imaging systems are analyzed in detail. Omnidirectional image (ODI) formation characteristics of different camera-mirror configurations are examined and geometrical relations for panoramic and perspective image generation with common mirror types are summarized. A method is developed to determine the unknown parameters of a hyperboloidal-mirrored system using the world coordinates of a set of points and their corresponding image points on the ODI. A linear relation between the parameters of the hyperboloidal mirror is determined as well. Conducted research and findings are instrumental for calibration of such imaging systems. The resolution problem due to the up-sampling while transferring the pixels from ODI to the panoramic image is defined. Enhancing effects of standard interpolation methods on the panoramic images are analyzed and edge detection-based techniques are developed for improving the resolutional quality of the panoramic images. Also, the projection surface alternatives of generating panoramic images are evaluated.