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Detailed fem analysis of two different splice steel connections

Yılmaz, Oğuz
Beam splices are typically located at moment contraflexure points (where M=0). Most design specifications require these splices to develop a strength either to meet design forces or a minimum value set by specifications. The design forces are typically determined through elastic analysis, which does not include flexibility of splice connections. In this research, two types of splice connections, an extended end plate splice connection and a flange and web plate bolted splice connection, were tested and analyzed to investigate the effect of the partial strength splice connections on structural response. The splices were designed to resist 40% and 34% of connecting section capacities using current steel design codes, respectively. It has been observed from the experiments and FEM analysis results that splice connections designed under capacities of connecting steel members can result in changes in design moment diagrams obtained from analyses without splice connection simulation and can also significantly decrease the rigidity of the structure endangering serviceability. The differences in design moment diagrams can go up to 50 % of elastic analysis without connection flexibility. The vertical displacements can increase to 155% of values obtained from elastic analysis with no splice connection simulation. Therefore, connection flexibility becomes very important to define in analysis.