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Optimizable multiresolution quadratic variation filter for high-frequency financial data

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2009
Şen, Aykut
As the tick-by-tick data of financial transactions become easier to reach, processing that much of information in an efficient and correct way to estimate the integrated volatility gains importance. However, empirical findings show that, this much of data may become unusable due to microstructure effects. Most common way to get over this problem is to sample the data in equidistant intervals of calendar, tick or business time scales. The comparative researches on that subject generally assert that, the most successful sampling scheme is a calendar time sampling which samples the data every 5 to 20 minutes. But this generally means throwing out more than 99 percent of the data. So it is obvious that a more efficient sampling method is needed. Although there are some researches on using alternative techniques, none of them is proven to be the best. Our study is concerned with a sampling scheme that uses the information in different scales of frequency and is less prone to microstructure effects. We introduce a new concept of business intensity, the sampler of which is named Optimizable Multiresolution Quadratic Variation Filter. Our filter uses multiresolution analysis techniques to decompose the data into different scales and quadratic variation to build up the new business time scale. Our empirical findings show that our filter is clearly less prone to microstructure effects than any other common sampling method. We use the classified tick-by-tick data for Turkish Interbank FX market. The market is closed for nearly 14 hours of the day, so big jumps occur between closing and opening prices. We also propose a new smoothing algorithm to reduce the effects of those jumps.