Nox storage and reduction over CE-ZR mixed oxide supported catalysts

Çağlar, Başar
NOx storage and reduction activities of Pt/BaO/CexZr1-xO2 (x= 1, 0.75, 0.5, 0.25, 0) catalysts were investigated by transient reaction analysis and Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Tramsform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Pt/BaO/Al2O3 catalyst was used as reference catalyst. Ce-Zr mixed oxides were synthesized by means of Pechini Method. Pechini method is a sol-gel like method based on mixing the related mixed oxide precursors with an α-hydroxy carboxylic acid. 10% BaO (w/w) and 1% Pt (w/w) were deposited on synthesized mixed oxide and reference alumina support via incipient wetness impregnation. Prepared catalysts were characterized by BET, XRD and in-situ DRIFTS. Pt/BaO/CexZr1-xO2 catalysts (x= 0.75, 0.5, 0.25) exhibited higher surface than pure ceria and zirconia supported catalysts and highest surface was observed for Pt/BaO/Ce0.5Zr0.5O2. The reducibility of catalysts was tested by Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR). It was observed that the reducibility of Pt/BaO/CexZr1-xO2 catalysts increases with incorporation of Zr into ceria lattice. Pt/BaO/Ce0.25Zr0.75O2 showed the highest reducibility. The Pt dispersions of catalysts were determined by CO chemisorption. The highest Pt disperison was observed in the presence of Pt/BaO/Ce0.5Zr0.5O2 catalyst. NOx storage and reduction efficiency of the catalysts were determined by transient reaction analysis in a home-built setup at 350oC. The reaction results revealed that all catalysts exhibit similar NOX storage and reduction performance. The NOX storage performances of all catalysts were differentiated via in-situ DRIFTS analysis. Pt/BaO/CexZr1-xO2 (x= 0.75, 0.5, 0.25) catalysts revealed higher performance than the ceria and zirconia supported catalysts. Pt/BaO/Ce0.5Zr0.5O2 catalyst absorbed highest amount of NO on the surface in the form of nitrate. The reduction behaviours of catalysts also were investigated by in-situ DRIFTS. It was observed that nitrates and nitrites were completely removed from the surface after reduction by H2 at 300oC.
Citation Formats
B. Çağlar, “Nox storage and reduction over CE-ZR mixed oxide supported catalysts,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.