The relationship of categories of work events to affective states and attitudes in the workplace : a test of the affective events theory

Erol Korkmaz, Habibe Tuğba
Affective Events Theory (AET) of Weiss and Cropanzano (1996) provides a theoretical basis for explaining the antecedents and consequences of affective states at work. In this study, an extended model based on the AET framework was tested for examining the relationships between work events, affective dispositions, affective states and reactions, and the work attitudes and behaviors of the employees. Work events were assessed comprehensively using an affective work events inventory developed as part of the study. A tripartite affect structure (pleasure, calmness, and energy) was adopted for mapping the affective states of the employees at work. Core self- and external-evaluations constructs were used as the dispositional antecedents of affective experiences. Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB), and turnover intentions were examined as the work attitudes and behaviors. Findings of the study provided evidence for the validity of the AET model. Both positive and negative work events were significantly related to the affective experiences of the employees, negative events having stronger influences. The affective dispositions of core self- and external-evaluations also contributed to the prediction of affective experiences. However, these affective dispositions did not have any moderating influences on the relationship between work events and affective experiences at work. Affective experiences were significantly related with job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and OCB. Exploratory analyses revealed that the major themes intersecting the critical work events and event categories were organizational justice, and coworker or supervisory support. The implications of the study for theory, practice, and future research are discussed.


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Citation Formats
H. T. Erol Korkmaz, “ The relationship of categories of work events to affective states and attitudes in the workplace : a test of the affective events theory ,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.