Some generalized multipartite access structures

Download
2010
Kaşkaloğlu, Kerem
In this work, we study some generalized multipartite access structures and linear secret sharing schemes for their realizations. Given a multipartite set of participants with m compartments (or levels) and m conditions to be satisfied by an authorized set, we firstly examine the intermediary access structures arousing from the natural case concerning that any c out of m of these conditions suffice, instead of requiring anyone or all of the m conditions simultaneously, yielding to generalizations for both the compartmented and hierarchical cases. These are realized essentially by employing a series of Lagrange interpolations and a simple frequently-used connective tool called access structure product, as well as some known constructions for existing ideal schemes. The resulting schemes are non-ideal but perfect. We also consider nested multipartite access structures, where we let a compartment to be defined within another, so that the access structure is composed of some multipartite substructures. We extend formerly employed bivariate interpolation techniques to multivariate interpolation, in order to realize such access structures. The generic scheme we consider is perfect with a high probability such as 1-O(1/q) on a finite field F_q. In particular, we propose a non-nested generalization for the conventional compartmented access structures, which depicts a stronger way of controlling the additional participants.

Suggestions

Basic cryptanalysis methods on block ciphers
Çelik, Dilek; Doğanaksoy, Ali; Department of Cryptography (2010)
Differential cryptanalysis and linear cryptanalysis are the first significant methods used to attack on block ciphers. These concepts compose the keystones for most of the attacks in recent years. Also, while designing a cipher, these attacks should be taken into consideration and the cipher should be created as secure against them. Although di fferential cryptanalysis and linear cryptanalysis are still important, they started to be ine cient due to the improvements in the technology. So, these attacks are ...
On statistical analysis of synchronous stream ciphers
Sönmez Turan, Meltem; Doğanaksoy, Ali; Department of Cryptography (2008)
Synchronous stream ciphers constitute an important class of symmetric ciphers. After the call of the eSTREAM project in 2004, 34 stream ciphers with different design approaches were proposed. In this thesis, we aim to provide a general framework to analyze stream ciphers statistically. Firstly, we consider stream ciphers as pseudo random number generators and study the quality of their output. We propose three randomness tests based on one dimensional random walks. Moreover, we theoretically and experimenta...
Combined attacks on block ciphers
Öztop, Neşe; Doğanaksoy, Ali; Department of Cryptography (2009)
Cryptanalytic methods are very important tools in terms of evaluating the security of block ciphers in a more accurate and reliable way. Differential and linear attacks have been the most effective cryptanalysis methods since the early 1990s. However, as the technology developed and more secure ciphers are designed, these fundamental methods started to be not so efficient. In order to analyze the ciphers, new methods should be introduced. One approach is inventing new techniques that are different from the ...
Strongly regular graphs arising from non-weakly regular bent functions
Özbudak, Ferruh (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-01)
In this paper, we study two special subsets of a finite field of odd characteristics associated with non-weakly regular bent functions. We show that those subsets associated to non-weakly regular even bent functions in the GMMF class (see cesmelioglu et al. Finite Fields Appl. 24, 105-117 2013) are never partial difference sets (PDSs), and are PDSs if and only if they are trivial subsets. Moreover, we analyze the two known sporadic examples of non-weakly regular ternary bent functions given in Helleseth and...
Statistical analysis of block ciphers and hash functions
Sulak, Fatih; Doğanaksoy, Ali; Department of Cryptography (2011)
One of the most basic properties expected from block ciphers and hash functions is passing statistical randomness testing, as they are supposed to behave like random mappings. Previously, testing of AES candidate block ciphers was done by using the statistical tests defined in the NIST Test Suite. As some of the tests in this suite require long sequences, data sets are formed by concatenating the outputs of the algorithms obtained from various input types. However, the nature of block cipher and hash functi...
Citation Formats
K. Kaşkaloğlu, “Some generalized multipartite access structures,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.