From Bauhaus to Ikea : integration of mass production, standardization, modularization and claim of universality with capitalist mode of production [

İşbilen, Ezgi
This thesis questions the relation between political program and architectural production via a close examination of the modern myth: democratization through design. This idea is rooted in the 19th century arts and crafts movement, which indirectly caused the foundation of a very influential design school, the Bauhaus, where the idea of democratization of design has been invented. Years later, the slogan reappeared and became more visible than ever. This time it was IKEA, a furniture company that also promotes the idea of ‘democratization through design’ with references to Bauhaus announcing the democratic design utopia is back. The survey of the study is based on four main principles that are developed at Bauhaus and later reinvented by IKEA. These principles, namely, mass production, standardization, modularization, and claim of universality characterize the modernist project of instrumentalizing mass production for social benefits.


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This thesis suggests the concept of layering as a “generative” operation in architectural design process. To understand generation of architectural forms and trace their transformations in this process, this study proposes layering as an integrative and intellectual operation embracing analysis, design and representation phases of architecture. In order to do that, the operation of layering is discussed under three titles: Layering as an analytical tool, as a design tool and as a representational tool. This...
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Citation Formats
E. İşbilen, “ From Bauhaus to Ikea : integration of mass production, standardization, modularization and claim of universality with capitalist mode of production [,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2012.