Orchestrating an identity through monuments in the city: the case of Ankara, 1923-2016

Download
2016
Abdullah, Adam
Throughout history, political power-holders and urban decision makers have ordered or endorsed the placement of awe-inspiring physical structures, or monuments, at visually significant locations within publicly accessible urban areas. These monumental constructions are highly visible, and are meant to convey subtle or explicit ideological messages. How do monuments, or large scale physical transformations, in visual urban space indicate the ideological motives of the decision makers who direct such projects? This thesis follows the physical development of Ankara over the last century to address this question. Theories regarding identity, monuments, and urban space will be applied to Ankara’s historical development, as well as the larger national and transnational context the city is situated within. This would help explain the various trajectories of physical development undertaken by the city’s decision makers through history. Two phases from the city’s history will be examined: 1923-1940s and 2000s-2016, with a relevant summary of the period in between. As a conclusion, the research findings would be analyzed to understand how the monuments in each phase were based on ideological motives that were starkly different in their particular details, but interestingly similar in their approach and implementation method, as embodied by the two decision makers of early and contemporary Turkey, Atatürk and President Erdoğan.

Suggestions

Planning As A Tool For Modernization In Turkey: The Case Of Hermann Jansen’s Plan For Mersin
Beyhan, Burak; Uğuz, Selçuk (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2012-12-1)
Early 20th century urban development plans and regulations as the culmination of the efforts made for the modernization of the cities constitute a special and substantive domain of focus for the historical analysis of cities in terms of understanding the nature and objectives of planning today. Yet, except for big cities such as Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, Adana and Bursa, most of the cities in Turkey are not studied in depth within such a context. Unfortunately, those studies conducted for both big and small ...
Designing urban space with the tools of the development legislation
Baş, Yener; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2003)
Since 1960s, the scope of urban design broadened in a way that to control the formation process of urban space as a whole. In this respect urban coding became a distinct branch in urban planning as an integrating mechanism of planning and design processes. Thus, design control has become a crucial part of the development control systems especially in the western countries. Although the development legislation in Turkey as an urban coding system has various weaknesses about urban design and design control, i...
Symbolic meaning of cemeteries for users : Karşıyaka Cemetery case
Ertek, S. Deniz; Ataöv Demirkan, Anlı; Department of City and Regional Planning (2006)
This thesis evaluates cemeteries as an open space entity of urban land, which conveys high social and cultural values through its sacred and spiritual landscape. These sacred sites are closely integrated into community history and carry social meanings, in addition to their aesthetic and ecological values as an open green areas with its habitats, biological diversity and wildlife reserves. By this study the “symbolic and emotional meaning of cemetery” from the users’ eyes is investigated and the relationshi...
Intervening to urban decline by urban design tools in divided cities: Lefkoşa
Özdemir, Sıla; Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine; Department of City and Regional Planning (2014)
Urban decline in walled cities has been condemned to be a significant phenomenon in different fields as political economy, urban design, city planning and urban sociology. The aim of the study is to determine the association between physical urban space and social urban space in declined walled cities and handle the fact of urban decline in a two dimensional point of view by examining both the social space and physical space as well as the part and the whole in an integrated approach. The integration of soc...
Revealing and restrengthening the relation of memory places and heritage places: the case of the Hisarbaşı neighborhood in Milas
Usta, Esra Nur; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2018)
Most of the towns are the outcome of a continual historical development process, reflected as the existence of components of different layers in the contemporary urban space. Life and experiences of the inhabitants take place in this multilayered urban space. Hence, the existing urban space keeps history and personal stories alive. This coherence constitutes a relation between memories in minds of people and traces in their physical environment. The mnemonic effect of physical environment leads to identity,...
Citation Formats
A. Abdullah, “Orchestrating an identity through monuments in the city: the case of Ankara, 1923-2016,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2016.