Designing (with) complexity: improving adaptive capacity of urban form by design

Download
2018
Tümtürk, Onur
In the last century, as parallel to the transitions and paradigmatic shifts in the history of science, urbanism has experienced important theoretical breakthroughs and transitions, as well. At that point, emerging paradigm of complexity theories has come into the contemporary agenda of urban planning and design agenda by representing a dramatic shift from the conception of cities as totally controllable and designed artefacts. In that sense, the complexity-based perspective in urbanism asserts that the settled planning and design approaches conceptualizing the city as a finite and static product of a single mastermind that tends to predict its future state via deterministic projection mechanisms, and designing it with a clear image of an optimal form inescapably fall short to operate effectively. Adoption of complexity theories’ perspective portrays a city which is far from-equilibrium, dynamic, ever-evolving and full of uncertainties. From this point on, it is explicit that designing cities as static and non-progressive physical artefacts by controlling and regulating everything beforehand in accordance with a fixed image makes urban form fragile against the emerging uncertainties and changing spatial needs; and, decreases its capacity to respond different circumstances in a successful manner. For that reason, planning theory and practice should discover and develop a new form of intervention which would be more responsive to the uncertainties by relying on the derived understandings of complexity theory. The most fundamental motivation behind this research is to develop a model approach improving the adaptive capacity of urban form to respond emerging uncertainties and changing needs by operating design within the revealed context of urban complexity. To that end, the research investigates the morphological and programmatic characteristics of an adaptable urban form by revisiting the theoretical implications of the notion of adaptability and examining historical plot-based urbanism examples demonstrating an enhanced capacity of responsiveness. Moreover, two different contemporary urban design and development projects – IJburg, Amsterdam (the Netherlands) and Middlehaven, Middlesbrough (UK) – are examined in detail to develop a better understanding about the kind of design approach which helps to achieve the morphological and programmatic characteristics required to improve the adaptive capacity of urban form.

Suggestions

Spatial dynamics of producer services in Ankara
Gökce, Buğra; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
In the last three decades, depending on advances in communication technologies, there is a popular discussion that urban functions can be located independent from space. In other words, each urban function can locate to any zones of a city due to communication technology-based connections, in a so called “deterritorialization”. These new sprawl-based locations can be seen in the central business districts (CBD) of cities, especially by producer service functions. This thesis will investigate the validity of...
Becoming non- blasé: slowness via urbanisation
Erdal, Berrak; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2014)
In accordance with the rise of industrialization and technology, the “urban form” reshapes itself as the production relations and the new modern life find a unique way of transformation simultaneously. One of the factors behind that new urbanism is the time-space compression that accelerates the experience of time and reduces the significance of distance. With the impact of speed, the society develops a reaction, which is no reaction at all, as Georg Simmel defines as blasé attitude. In this thesis, a non-b...
Defining in-betweenness as a new spatial form the case of Durana, Albania
Alimadhi, Enkela; Akkar Ercan, Zübeyde Müge; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2015)
This thesis focuses on and explores the notion of ‘In-betweenness’ as a ‘third space’ or a ‘new spatial form’ that have been observed on the area between two cities. This new spatial form has emerged and has been continuously generated on the land between the two important cities of Albania; i.e. Tirana -the capital City- and Durrës - the port City. As an outcome of particular political, social, economic, and geographical factors, as well as the morphological transformation, this research studies the ‘In-be...
Local development and conservation priorities : the case of Ortahisar
Kamberoğlu, Bahar Burcu; Keskinok, Hüseyin Çağatay; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2012)
The thesis evaluates the case of Ortahisar where natural rock-caved storage sector has been the major dominant traditional economic activity since 1950s. However this economic sector has begun to recess because of conservation priorities after the declaration of Göreme Historical National Park including Ortahisar settlement in World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1986. In addition, the tourism sector has begun to develop gradually in the Region as large amounts of tourists began to invade because of the world h...
Structural tools in the making of cities : form as a development control mechanism
Ceylan, Aybike; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2003)
Macro-scale planning and design as a product of modernism have been abandoned to a high degree, as a result of the reactionary post-modern approaches since the 19602s. Intensifying with the rise of neo-liberal approaches in the 19702s, these reactions advocated merely incremental decision-making and design in the making of cities. These developments lived in the western countries showed their reflections in Turkey with the 19802s, resulting in fragmented planning practices. However it is the hypothesis of t...
Citation Formats
O. Tümtürk, “Designing (with) complexity: improving adaptive capacity of urban form by design,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.