Territoriality of heterotopia: threshold as a condition of heterotopian space in the case of Emek district, Bursa

Download
2018
Şevik, Ebru
The ideal city and the ideal society have constituted one of the most fundamental subjects in the literature of urbanism. Although the concept of Utopia has been depicted in the literary works in the beginning, the quest of ‘the ideal’ then evolved over time and became one of the basic subjects of the planning. In the context of urbanism, the utopian way of thinking encourages the building of a better urban life for all the people in the society by overcoming the problems of the current system through spatial interventions. However, in order to reach ‘the good’ for all, the society must be treated in a holistic manner, which, in turn, brings the danger of totalitarianism. Additionally, the ‘goodness’ and ‘ideality’ are relative concepts. Therefore, any effort to reach an ideal for everyone is far from reality. On the other hand, the notion of heterotopia, which was elaborated by the French Philosopher Michel Foucault (1984) against the unreal spatiality of utopia, is entirely based on the reality. As a medical term, heterotopia refers to an exceptional hybrid situation that a cell or a tissue is created in a different anatomical zone instead of its original region. Establishing an analogical link between this anatomic hybridity and spatial experiences, Foucault (1984) regards heterotopia as a space of ‘otherness’ which can be found in every society in different forms and functions. This unique systemic structure, which has its own spatial relations in its own context, is called heterotopology. Although it is not given explicitly in Foucault’s (1984) definition and discussion, it can be argued that one of the basic qualities of heterotopology is the territoriality of hybrid socio-cultural hegemonic ‘enclaves’ which can co-exist within the spatiality of threshold. Stavrides (2010) regards the threshold experience as an ‘intermediary’ spatiality which provides a common ground for encounter among different identities of the society. In this sense, the contextualization of the threshold in terms of the inside-outside relationship of the socio-cultural enclaves would enable the discussion on the problem of urban segregation within the context of heterotopology. The study argues that the spatiality of threshold constitutes a fundamental condition of heterotopology. In the study, the configurational structure of the potential thresholds and their formations offered by the common spaces are revealed by using the ‘space-syntax analysis’ in the case of Emek District, which located at the periphery of Bursa. The study area includes several character areas accommodating different cultures, and common spaces carrying the potential of threshold where social tensions between different groups are mediated. As a result of the field study, the patterns of the utilization of common spaces are compared with the potential movement patterns given by the syntax of the fabric, and a typological discussion is carried out over the threshold. The main purpose of the research is to analyze the relationship between the operation of the threshold in different forms and functions, and the configurational structure of the space in a heterotopian context. In this framework, the study discusses the problem of socio-spatial segregation from a morphological perspective by reframing heterotopology in the social context of urban space.

Suggestions

The question of freedom in political philosophies of thomas hobbes and jean-jacques rousseau
Yiğit, Pervin; Turan, ŞHalil; Department of Philosophy (2007)
This thesis aims to examine the question of freedom in its relation to political authority in social contract theories of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, discussions on human nature, evolution into political association and the foundations of legitimate governments are focused on. As the social contract theories of Hobbes and Rousseau mainly seek for rational justification of political obligation, the primary aim of this thesis is to analyze the nature o...
Unfinishedness of place and the place-making project
Rangraz, Sina; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2018)
Since the emergence of the profession of urban design in the mid-20th century, the concept of “place” has played a significant role in the development of the surrounding discourse. However, this turn within the profession pertained to a degree of confusion when it comes to the rhetoric of placelessness and the associated place-making agenda. By not being exactly in opposition with that endeavor, this thesis attempts to suggest an alternative understanding of place through the concept of “unfinishedness of p...
Urban transformation of Ottoman port cities in the nineteenth century : change from Ottoman Beirut to french mandatory Beirut
Öztürk, Pelin Kihtir; Aktüre, Sevgi; Department of Middle East Studies (2006)
This thesis attempts to give the increasing importance of Ottoman port cities in the urban hierarchy during the nineteenth century and analyzes the urban transformation of these cities under the forces of changing administrative and socio-economic structure of the empire. The impact of European economic penetration and Ottoman Tanzimat Reforms were indicated as major causes for this changing structure. Beirut, being one of the major port cities of the Ottoman Empire is studied as a case study. The changing ...
Structural tools in the making of cities : form as a development control mechanism
Ceylan, Aybike; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2003)
Macro-scale planning and design as a product of modernism have been abandoned to a high degree, as a result of the reactionary post-modern approaches since the 19602s. Intensifying with the rise of neo-liberal approaches in the 19702s, these reactions advocated merely incremental decision-making and design in the making of cities. These developments lived in the western countries showed their reflections in Turkey with the 19802s, resulting in fragmented planning practices. However it is the hypothesis of t...
The transformation of public space: city squares as locations for power struggle - the case of Tehran
Soltani, Zohreh; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2011)
This thesis explores the transformation of public spaces, with reference to power relations and the struggle for power. In this regard Tehran has been chosen as the main concern and the case of the study, while in its short history of being the political center of the country, the city has been hosting several uprisings and political tensions that are projected on the body of the city. The agencies of this power struggle will be analyzed sociologically and politically, to comprehend the way public spaces of...
Citation Formats
E. Şevik, “Territoriality of heterotopia: threshold as a condition of heterotopian space in the case of Emek district, Bursa,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.