Investigation of ash deposition in a pilot-scale fluidized bed combustor co-firing biomass with lignite

Gogebakan, Zuhal
Gogebakan, Yusuf
Selçuk, Nevin
Seliuk, Ekrem
This study presents the results from investigation of ash deposition characteristics of a high ash and sulfur content lignite co-fired with three types of biomass (olive residue, 49 wt%; hazelnut shell, 42 wt%; and cotton residue, 41 wt%) in 0.3 MWt Middle East Technical University (METU) Atmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion (ABFBC) Test Rig. Deposit samples were collected on all air-cooled probe at a temperature of 500 degrees C. Samples were analyzed by SEM/EDX and XRD methods. The results reveal that co-firing lignite with olive residue, hazelnut shell and cotton residue show low deposition rates. High concentrations of silicon, calcium, sulfur, iron, and aluminum were found in deposit samples. No chlorine was detected in deposits. Calcium sulfate and potassium sulfate were detected as major and minor components of the deposits, respectively. High sulfur and alumina-silicate content of lignite resulted in formation of alkali sulfates instead of alkali chlorides. Therefore, fuel blends under consideration can be denoted to have low-fouling propensity.


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Citation Formats
Z. Gogebakan, Y. Gogebakan, N. Selçuk, and E. Seliuk, “Investigation of ash deposition in a pilot-scale fluidized bed combustor co-firing biomass with lignite,” BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, pp. 1033–1036, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: