Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sea sediments of the Turkish Mediterranean coast, composition and sources

The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in 25 surface sediment samples from five sites located at Oludeniz Lagoon of the Turkish Mediterranean coast. The total concentration of the PAHs (1.85 +/- 1.39 mg/kg) was lower than the sediments from highly urbanized areas, while it was comparable with the sediments from similar locations. Acenaphthene and chrysene were dominant ones with the concentrations of 0.620 and 0.515 mg/kg, respectively. The isomeric ratios indicated that combustion is the predominant source of PAHs in the sediments. Factor analysis solution supports the same finding with three major factors accounting for 71.7 % of the variability in the data. Factor 1 with 43.4 % of the total variance identified as a pyrogenic source (coal combustion; 4 rings PAH and traffic related pollution; 5-6 rings PAHs). Factor 2 (explains 39 % of the total variance) represents PAHs originating from traffic, and factor 3 (explains 12 % of the total variance) represents petrogenic source. Our results suggest that combustion of fossil fuels affects most of the points, followed by combustion of biomass and human activity.


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Ediger, Vedat (2020-01-01)
Between February 2001 and January 2002, near the coast of Erdemli, southeastern Turkey, 7 airborne dust samples, 7 coastal river-suspended sediment samples, and 3 marine sediment cores were collected. The main objective of this study was to understand the interrelationships among the multisources, multitransportation paths, and changing depositional conditions around the continental shelf of the Lamas River delta. In addition to a detailed study of satellite photos to track atmospheric dust in the region, g...
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Mace, KA; Kubilay, N; Duce, RA (2003-05-31)
From March through early May of 2000, rain and bulk aerosol samples were collected at a coastal site on the eastern Mediterranean Sea at Erdemli, Turkey, and analyzed for nitrogen (N) species, including nitrate (NO3-), nitrite (NO2-), ammonium (NH4+), water-soluble organic N, urea, and dissolved free amino acids. Other ions were also analyzed, including Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+, Cl-, and SO42-. Water-soluble organic N was found to contribute similar to17% and similar to26% of the total water-soluble N in rain an...
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Kovalev, Av; Mazzocchı, Mg; Toklu Alıçlı, Benin; Skryabın, Va; Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan (2003-01-01)
Seasonal changes in the composition, abundance and biomass of zooplankton in the seas of the Mediterranean basin (the Mediterranean, Black and Azov seas) have been reviewed using our own data and data from the literature. In the deep-water central regions of the seas, the seasonal cycle of zooplankton abundance is characterised by one maximum occurring in spring or summer. In the coastal regions, two to three peaks (spring, summer and autumn) exist for the zooplankton abundance. The amplitude of seasonal fl...
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Pah composition of snow samples in Ankara city
GAGA, EFTADE EMİNE; Tuncel, G; Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal (2004-01-01)
Surface snow samples were collected in different sites of Ankara in the winter of 2002 to investigate their concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). The collected samples were pre-concentrated by Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) and analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Extraction procedure and analysis parameters were optimized and a sampling apparatus for collection of surface snow samples was developed. Phenanthrene was found to be dominant at all sites examined. The maj...
Citation Formats
S. G. Tuncel, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sea sediments of the Turkish Mediterranean coast, composition and sources,” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, pp. 4213–4221, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/30508.