Synthesis and surface modification of polyurethanes with chitosan for antibacterial properties

Kara, Filiz
Hasırcı, Nesrin
Surface modification and providing antibacterial properties to the materials or devices are getting great attention especially in the last decades. In this study, polyurethane (PU) films were prepared by synthesizing them in medical purity from toluene diisocyanate and polypropylene ethylene glycol without using any other ingredients and then the film surfaces were modified by covalent immobilization of chitosan (CH) which has antibacterial activity. CH immobilized PU films (PU-CH) were found to be more hydrophilic than control PU films. Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analyses showed higher nitrogen contents and rougher surface topography for PU-CH compared to PU films. Modification with CH significantly increased antibacterial activity against Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. It was observed that the number of bacteria colonies were less about 10(2)-10(5) CFU/mL and number of attached viable bacteria decreased significantly after CH modification of PU films.


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Being antibacterial is a required property for the materials used in medical devices and instruments. Polyurethanes (PUs) are one class of polymers widely used in the production of devices that especially come in contact with blood (e.g. heart valves, blood vessels, vascular grafts and catheters). In this study, hexamethylene diisocyanate based polyurethanes (PUh) were synthesized and antibacterial and anti-adhesive properties were added by immobilizing chitosan (CH) and heparin (Hep) on the samples of PUh ...
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Citation Formats
F. Kara, E. A. AKSOY, Z. YÜKSEKDAĞ, N. Hasırcı, and S. AKSOY, “Synthesis and surface modification of polyurethanes with chitosan for antibacterial properties,” CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS, pp. 39–47, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: