Paracompositionality, MWEs and argument substitution

Multi-word expressions, verb-particle constructions, idiomatically combining phrases, and phrasal idioms have something in common: not all of their elements contribute to the argument structure of the predicate implicated by the expression. Radically lexicalized theories of grammar that avoid string-, term-, logical form-, and tree-writing, and categorial grammars that avoid wrap operation, make predictions about the categories involved in verb-particles and phrasal idioms. They may require singleton types, which can only substitute for one value, not just for one kind of value. These types are asymmetric: they can be arguments only. They also narrowly constrain the kind of semantic value that can correspond to such syntactic categories. Idiomatically combining phrases do not subcategorize for singleton types, and they exploit another locally computable and compositional property of a correspondence, that every syntactic expression can project its head word. Such MWEs can be seen as empirically realized categorial possibilities rather than lacuna in a theory of lexicalizable syntactic categories.


Idioms as multi-word expressions in Turkish
Güven, Arzu Burcu; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2020-10)
Idioms constitute several challenges for both Natural Language Processing (NLP) and linguistic analysis. A better understanding of idioms will yield valuable insights about natural language as well as the way it is processed. The relevance of idioms, along with the fact that Turkish is a rather unexplored language from this perspective, motivates us to work on Turkish idioms. Here, we aim to demonstrate a grammatical study on Turkish idioms that were selected in accordance with distributional models.
Nominalization and Argument Structure: An Experiment with the NOMLEX Database
Kızıldemir, Melis; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2022-8-31)
This study presents a method for predicting syntactic structures of deverbal event nominals that are derived from verbs used in their transitive meaning. The study takes a data-driven approach and fine-tunes pre-trained deep learning models. The problem is treated as a 15 class multi-label classification task and NOMLEX is used to create the classes. In order to leverage the language models learned by pre-trained models, sentences available in corpora which include the verb that the deverbal nominal is deri...
Natural recursion doesn’t work that way: automata in planning and syntax
Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem (Springer, Cham, 2016-01-01)
Natural recursion in syntax is recursion by linguistic value, which is not syntactic in nature but semantic. Syntax-specific recursion is not recursion by name as the term is understood in theoretical computer science. Recursion by name is probably not natural because of its infinite typeability. Natural recursion, or recursion by value, is not species-specific. Human recursion is not syntax-specific. The values on which it operates are most likely domain-specific, including those for syntax. Syntax seems t...
Inferable and Partitive Indefinites in Topic Position
Von Heusinger, Klaus; Özge, Umut (Brill, 2021-01-01)
The topic position in a sentence is reserved for familiar and/or referential arguments (Kuno, 1972; Reinhart, 1981; Portner & Yabushita, 2001). Thus, the typical topic is a definite expression such as a pronoun, a proper name or a definite noun phrase. However, indefinites can appear in topic position if they are referential, i.e. specific or generic. Following Prince (1981c) we argue that indefinite noun phrases can also be topics if they are weakly familiar, i.e. discourse-linked. We assume that there are...
Connective position, argument order and ınformation structure of discourse connectives in written turkish texts
Demirşahin, Işın; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2008)
A text is a linguistic structure that is more than a random collection of sentences. A text is cohesive (Halliday & Hasan, 1976) and coherent (Mann & Thompson, 1987, 1988). Mainly ignored in the field of linguistics until recently, the text and the discourse structure have been inquired from various points of view (Asher, 1993; Asher & Lascarides, 1998; Grosz & Sidner, 1986; Mann & Thompson, 1987, 1988; Webber, 2004). D-LTAG is a discourse grammar work that extends a lexicalized sentence level grammar LTAG ...
Citation Formats
H. C. Bozşahin, “Paracompositionality, MWEs and argument substitution,” 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: