Geochemistry of the post-collisional Miocene mafic Tunceli Volcanics, Eastern Turkey: Implications for the nature of the mantle source and melting systematics

The East Anatolian Accretionary Complex (EAAC) comprises an ideal example of post-collisional volcanism within the Africa-Eurasia collision zone. The Miocene mafic Tuncell Volcanics, as a part of this post-collisional volcanic system, are located in the western termination of EAAC. The mafic Tunceli Volcanics are characterized by mildly alkaline and tholeiitic basalts, in which olivine, clinopyroxene and plagioclase characterize the main mineralogy. The role of fractional crystallization (FC) and assimilation combined with fractional crystallization (AFC) processes appear to be negligible in the petrogenesis of the primitive mafic Tunceli Volcanics. Relative enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILE), Th and La over high field strength elements (HFSE) and heavy rare earth elements (HREE) suggest contribution from a metasomatized mantle source. The wide range of ratios displayed by these elements also calls for some asthenospheric input for the genesis of these volcanics. The metasomatizing agents can be attributed to a past subduction event, probably during the closure of Neotethys. Considering also the geophysical constraints, which limits the lithospheric thickness to about 70-75 km around the region, a melt mixing between lithospheric and asthenospheric melts generated at different depths appear to be an important process in the petrogenesis of these lavas. The combined geochemical and geophysical data, therefore, necessitate a geodynamic model with some remnant lithospheric mantle underlying the Eastern Anatolian region.
Chemie der Erde


AKIMAN, O; ERLER, A; GONCUOGLU, MC; Güleç, Nilgün Türkan; GEVEN, A; TURELI, TK; KADIOGLU, YK (1993-12-01)
The closely related assemblage of igneous and metamorphic rocks that lie within a triangular area approximately bounded by the Tuzgolu Fault, the Ecemis Fault and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan Suture and between the lines connecting Ankara, Sivas and Nigde is called the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC). The granitoids cropping out within the CACC can be divided areally into three groups: (1) a large number of individual small plutons which form an arcuate set and curve from NE-SW to NW-SE and extend...
Petrology and geotectonic significance of plagiogranite from the Sarikaraman Ophiolite (Central Anatolia, Turkey)
Yaliniz, MK; Floyd, PA; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal (2000-06-01)
Plagiogranites within the supra-subduction zone (SSZ) type Saikaraman Ophiolite (SO), Central Anatolia, are very fine to coarse grained leucocratic rocks with a range of occurrences as simple narrow fracture infilling to wide complex zones of net-veining or agmatites with numerous, partly assimilated enclaves of gabbro and dolerite. Petrographically, they are characterized by the textures ranging from hypidiomorphic granular to granophyric intergrowths of quartz and plagioclase. Geochemically, major and tra...
Geochemistry of mafic dykes from the Southeast Anatolian ophiolites, Turkey: Implications for an intra-oceanic arc-basin system
Colakoglu, Ali Riza; Sayıt, Kaan; Gunay, Kurtulus; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal (2012-02-01)
The Late Cretaceous-Tertiary accretionary prism in Eastern Turkey includes several ophiolitic megablocks and/or tectonic slivers (Mehmetalan, Mollatopuz and Alabayir) within a melange complex, mainly comprising harzburgite, dunite and cumulate-textured gabbro. The diabases, which are the main focus of this study, cut across the ophiolites as parallel and variably thick dyke-swarms. Geochemistry of the diabases reveals three distinct groups, including a) supra-subduction zone (SSZ) type, which is characteriz...
Stratigraphy of the volcanic products around Nemrut caldera: Implications for reconstruction of the caldera formation
Karaoglu, O; Ozdemir, Y; Tolluoglu, AU; Karabiyikoglu, M; Kose, O; Froger, JL (2005-05-01)
The volcanological development of the Nemrut stratovolcano, located near the southwestern tip of Lake Van in eastern Turkey, is subdivided into three stages: pre-caldera, post-caldera and late stages. Two ignimbrite flows have been recognized in the pre-caldera stage. The earlier of the two occurred after basaltic lavas formed along extensional fissures. The latter, which forms the main subject of this paper, was a major flow associated with the development of the Nemrut caldera. The pyroclastic deposits of...
Tectono-stratigraphy of the Cankiri Basin: Late Cretaceous to early Miocene evolution of the Neotethyan Suture Zone in Turkey
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; White, Stanley H.; van Dijk, Paul M. (2009-01-01)
The Cankiri Basin straddles the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan Suture Zone which demarcates the former position of the northern branch of the Neotethys. It includes more than 3 km of pre-Middle Miocene in-fill related to late Cretaceous to pre-Middle Miocene evolution of the region. The basin has developed on the upper Cretaceous subduction complex and arc related basins of the Neotethys Ocean. The basin fill includes an upper Cretaceous forearc sequence overlain by Paleocene with a local unconformity. The upper Cre...
Citation Formats
A. Aktağ and K. Sayıt, “Geochemistry of the post-collisional Miocene mafic Tunceli Volcanics, Eastern Turkey: Implications for the nature of the mantle source and melting systematics,” Chemie der Erde, pp. 113–129, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: