Azerbaijani Engineers in the Global Economy: Transnational Professionals Versus "Button-Pushers"

2018-06-01
This article examines the changes in the engineering profession in Azerbaijan after the inflow of foreign investment into Azerbaijan's oil industry since 1990s. The integration of Azerbaijan's oil industry into global economy has led to a significant reshaping of the engineering profession, both within and outside of the oil industry. Multinational companies, which have been the main agents of this integration, have introduced advanced technologies and helped many Azerbaijani engineers to gain access to the international labor market, often serving as credentializing institutions. At the same time, the presence of these multinational companies have also opened the way for new inequalities. They have indirectly created an important division within the engineering professiona division between internationally mobile engineers from the oil industry and engineers in other industries. Outside of the oil industry, engineering work has in many cases been reduced to routine tasks of assembly and operations, while research, design, and manufacturing were made redundant in the context of the oil-driven development promoted by Azerbaijan's government.
JOURNAL OF DEVELOPING SOCIETIES

Suggestions

The State oil company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) and its European regional partnerships: 1992-2015
Asker, Cemile; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of International Relations (2015)
This thesis analyzed State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic’s-SOCAR success story and its development process from being a national-regional energy company to become an international oil company by its investments. On the contrary to the problems that national oil companies mostly face with, Azerbaijan has took a serious step by signing Contract of the Century on the September 1994 and opened its country for the Western investors and pave the way for country’s both economic and social prosperity. SOCAR is...
Turkish chemical sectoral innovation system: a case study on R&D centers
Boyacı, Aslı; Pamukçu, M. Teoman.; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2019)
This thesis aims to analyze the innovation landscape of the chemical sector in Turkey through face-to-face interviews with six R&D centers operating in the chemical industry. R&D centers are selected for the case study as they are one of the most critical actors conducting R&D and innovation activities in the sector. The sector was investigated within a set of three sub-sectors as follows: basic chemicals, specialty chemicals, and consumer chemicals. In this thesis, the sectoral innovation system (SIS) appr...
Technology spillovers through foreign direct investment in turkish manufacturing industry
Omuzlu Aksoy, Yeliz; Pamukcu, Mehmet Teoman; Department of Economics (2008)
This study investigates whether there are technology spillovers through foreign direct investment (FDI) in Turkish manufacturing industry. Before the econometric estimation, theoretical and empirical literature on FDI and technology spillovers especially by transnational corporations (TNCs) is analyzed in detail. Also, historical perspective of FDI and review of the related literature for Turkey constitutes an important part of the study. To test the spillover effects of FDI, the dataset including sectoral ...
Turkish olive and olive oil sectoral innovation system: a functional - structural analysis
Pehlivan Gürkan, Nilgün; Erdil, Erkan; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2015)
The main purpose of this thesis is to explore problems that inhibit development of the olive and olive oil sector in Turkey. Olive productivity and olive oil product quality is low in Turkey compared to leader olive producing countries, Spain and Italy. Turkey is at the low end of the global olive oil value chain with high share of bulk olive oil exports and low share of high value added, branded exports. The competition in global markets is increasing and product standards are more stringent. Informal prod...
Candidate selection process for polymer gel application by using artificial neural networks
Örs, Oytun; Sınayuç, Çağlar; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2017)
Rapid increase in water-oil ratio has been one of the most important challenges of the oil companies that are producing from the mature oil fields. For this reason, various studies have been conducted to diminish the excessive water production. One of the most widely used chemical shutoff technique, polymer gel treatment, involves injection of different polymers into the production wells in order to plug the easy flow pathways of the excessive water. For the successful application of the polymer gel treatme...
Citation Formats
A. Ergun Özbolat, “Azerbaijani Engineers in the Global Economy: Transnational Professionals Versus “Button-Pushers”,” JOURNAL OF DEVELOPING SOCIETIES, pp. 144–168, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/36762.