Gas separation performance of polycarbonate membranes modified with multifunctional low molecular-weight additives

The gas permeation performances and various physical properties of dense polycarbonate (PC) membranes containing low molecular-weight additives (LMWA) with functional groups were evaluated. The selected LMWAs were p -nitroaniline, 4-amino 3-nitro phenol, catechol and 2-hydroxy 5-methyl aniline, and LMWA concentration in the membrane was changed between 1 and 10% (w/w). The PC/LMWA membranes had higher ideal selectivities but lower permeabilities than pure PC membrane. The most effective LMWA which provided the highest selectivity and the lowest permeability in membranes was p -nitroaniline and the least effective one was catechol. The selected LMWAs antiplasticized the PC matrix and improved the separation performances even at low concentrations. The glass transition temperature (T-g) of PC/LMWA membranes was lower than that of pure PC membrane. Reduction of T(g)s as a function of p -nitroaniline concentration obeyed to Gordon-Taylor model which indicates antiplasticization type interaction. FTIR spectra of pure and blend membranes also demonstrated the existence of interaction.


Removal of hexavalent chromium anions via polymer enhanced ultrafiltration using a fully ionized polyelectrolyte
HAKTANIR, CEREN; Ozbelge, H. Onder; Bicak, Niyazi; Yılmaz, Levent (Informa UK Limited, 2017-01-01)
A fully ionized polyelectrolyte was synthesized for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions by continuous polymer enhanced ultrafiltration (PEUF). Effect of operating parameters such as pH, loading, polymer, and competing ion concentrations were examined. Highest Cr(VI) retention was obtained at a loading of 0.01 at pH 4. Increasing both polymer and chromate concentrations at a fixed loading of 0.01 decreased the retention which demonstrated the effect of crowding. In the presence of competing anions such as ...
Removal of Heavy Metals from Multicomponent Metal Mixtures by Polymer Enhanced Ultrafiltration: Effects of pH, Ionic Strength and Conformational Changes in Polymer Structure
Kadioglu, Sezin Islamoglu; Yılmaz, Levent; AYDOĞAN, NİHAL; Ozbelge, H. Onder (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
Fractional separation of industrially important heavy metals (cadmium, nickel, zinc) from binary and ternary metal mixtures by continuous mode polymer enhanced ultrafiltration was studied. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) was used as a complexation polymer. Effects of pH and ionic strength on process efficiency were investigated. To gain insight about the characteristics of binding between highly branched PEI and metal ions and effect of salt concentration on this binding were investigated by performing dynamic and ...
Estimation of Binding Constants of Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) with Polyethyleneimine (PEI) by Polymer Enhanced Ultrafiltration (PEUF) Technique
Kadioglu, Sezin Islamoglu; Yılmaz, Levent; Ozbelge, H. Onder (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
Continuous and batch processes of polymer enhanced ultrafiltration for the estimation of binding constants of divalent cadmium, nickel, and zinc ions have been elaborated. Polyethyleneimine was used as a complexation agent. Effect of pH and ionic strength on the binding ability of target metal ions to polyethyleneimine were estimated by continuous mode PEUF system. A mathematical model was developed to estimate apparent complexation constants of metal ions with PEI. The development of this model, which is i...
Use of Specifically Tailored Chelating Polymers for Boron Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Polymer Enhanced Ultrafiltration
Doganay, Ceren Oktar; Ozbelge, H. Onder; Bicak, Niyazi; AYDOĞAN, NİHAL; Yılmaz, Levent (Informa UK Limited, 2011-01-01)
Two selective functional polychelatogens, namely hydroxyethylaminoglycerol functioned poly(glycidylmethacrylate (PNS) and Poly(4-Vinyl-1,3-dioxalan-2-one-co-vinyl acetate) (COP) were synthesized and utilized in polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration (PEUF) to remove boron from the aqueous solution. The effect of operating parameters on boron retention was investigated. PNS was synthesized in three molecular weights to observe the effect of molecular weight in borate retention. Increase in pH increased boron reten...
Vlasenko, N. V.; Kochkin, Yu. N.; Strizhak, P. E.; Doğu, Timur; DOĞU, GÜLŞEN; OKTAR, NURAY; Degirmenci, L. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2010-11-01)
The catalytic characteristics of massive and loaded sulfonic resins in the synthesis of ethyl tert-butyl ether at atmospheric and increased pressures have been compared. It has been established that massive sulfonic resins are more active than loaded resins at atmospheric pressure. At higher pressures, on the other hand, the activity and selectivity of catalysts are greater the lower the content of polymer as a result of the increased effectiveness of the acid centers.
Citation Formats
D. Sen, H. Kalıpçılar, and L. Yılmaz, “Gas separation performance of polycarbonate membranes modified with multifunctional low molecular-weight additives,” SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, pp. 1813–1828, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: