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Integrated Optical Modulator Based on Transition between Photonic Bands

2018-01-26
Gövdeli, Alperen
Sarihan, Murat Can
Karaca, Utku
Kocaman, Serdar
An area efficient novel optical modulator with low operation voltage is designed based on integrated Mach-Zehnder Interferometer with a photonic crystal slab structure as the phase shifter. Plasma dispersion effect is utilized so that photonic band-to-band transition occurs at the operating frequency leading to a high index change (Delta n = similar to 4) for pi-phase shift on the modulator. This approach reduces the phase shifter length to a few micrometers (similar to 5 mu m) in a silicon on insulator platform and operating voltage required is around 1 V. Low voltage together with short optical interaction length decrease optical losses and power consumption during modulation process providing a great opportunity for size and system cost optimization.